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Troubleshooting - .NET SDK

On this page

  • Resolve a 'No Properties in Class' Exception
  • Fody: 'An Unhandled Exception Occurred'
  • Fody Weave Exceptions
  • Troubleshooting WriteAsync Issues
  • Resolving a 'AddDefaultTypes should be called before creating a Realm instance' Exception
  • Explanation of the Cause
  • Resolution
  • iOS/iPad OS Bad Alloc/Not Enough Memory Available

You may see a System.InvalidOperationException with the message "No properties in class, has linker stripped it?".

There are three known causes of this exception:

  • You have no woven RealmObjects, probably because something went wrong with Fody. If this is the case, RealmSchema throws an exception. See Fody Weave Exceptions for details on how to fix this.

  • A linker has stripped properties from one or more RealmObjects, and Realm thinks those properties don't exist. This can occur if you have your Linker Behavior set to Link all assemblies but have not used the [Preserve(AllMembers = true)] attribute on the class declaration. The linker only preserves class members that you have referenced explicitly in the code or marked with the [Preserve(AllMembers = true)] attribute. This means that if you want to persist a property in realm and it is not referenced anywhere in your code, the linker may remove it, causing a schema mismatch.

  • You are using a code obfuscation tool which is interfering with model name detection. Realm relies on class names to generate the schema, so if a code obfuscation tool has hidden those class names, schema generation fails. To solve this, set your code obfuscation tool to ignore your model classes.

This common build failure is triggered when you have already built a project and then add a new RealmObject sub-class. Choosing to Build or Run your project does not rebuild the project thoroughly enough to invoke the Fody Weaver. To fix this, choose to Rebuild your project.

You may see a warning in the build log about classes not having been woven. This indicates that the Fody weaving package is not properly installed. Here are some things to check:

  • First, check that the FodyWeavers.xml file contains an entry for Realm.

  • It is also possible that the installation of Fody has failed. Users have experienced this with Visual Studio 2015 and versions of NuGet Package Manager prior to version 3.2. To diagnose this, use a text editor to check that your .csproj has a line importing Fody.targets, such as:

    <Import Project="..\packages\Fody.1.29.3\build\portable-net+sl+win+wpa+wp\Fody.targets"
    Condition="Exists('..\packages\Fody.1.29.3\build\portable-net+sl+win+wpa+wp\Fody.targets')" />

The easiest fix is to upgrade to a later version of NuGet Package Manager. If this doesn't work, there may be a problem with Fody and Microsoft.Bcl.Build.targets. Removing the following line from your .csproj file might help:

<Import Project="..\..\packages\Microsoft.Bcl.Build.1.0.21\build\Microsoft.Bcl.Build.targets"
Condition="Exists('..\..\packages\Microsoft.Bcl.Build.1.0.21\build\Microsoft.Bcl.Build.targets')" />

Inside the WriteAsync() method, we check for a non-null SynchronizationContext.Current object to determine if the code executes on the UI thread. This check may be inaccurate if you have set Current in your worker threads. If you have set SynchronizationContext.Current in a worker thread, call the Write() method instead of WriteAsync().

For more information, see Asynchronous Writes.

You may see a System.NotSupportedException with the message "AddDefaultTypes should be called before creating a Realm instance". This can happen when you have multiple projects containing Realm models and you open a Realm instance before all of them have been loaded in memory.

.NET uses lazy loading to improve performance. An assembly is not loaded until one or more of the types it contains is needed. However, Realm relies on the module initializer to register all of the types in its default schema. When you first open a realm, the default schema gets locked, and any attempt to register more types will result in the exception above.

There are 3 ways to resolve this issue:

  1. You can place your realm models in the same assembly where you call Realm.GetInstance.

  2. You can pre-load the assembly that contains your realm objects by creating a static method on the assembly, and then call that method from your app code:

    // In your models assembly
    public static class MyAssemblyLoader
    {
    public static void LoadMe() {}
    }
    // In your app
    public void Initialize()
    {
    MyAssemblyLoader.LoadMe();
    }
  3. You can explicitly specify the Realm schema when initializing the realm:

    var config = new RealmConfiguration
    {
    Schema = new[] { typeof(Person), typeof(Company), ... }
    }

In iOS or iPad devices with little available memory, or where you have a memory-intensive application that uses multiple realms or many notifications, you may encounter the following error:

libc++abi: terminating due to an uncaught exception of type std::bad_alloc: std::bad_alloc

This error typically indicates that a resource cannot be allocated because not enough memory is available.

If you are building for iOS 15+ or iPad 15+, you can add the Extended Virtual Addressing Entitlement to resolve this issue.

Add these keys to your Property List, and set the values to true:

<key>com.apple.developer.kernel.extended-virtual-addressing</key>
<true/>
<key>com.apple.developer.kernel.increased-memory-limit</key>
<true/>
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