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MongoDB Atlas is a hosted MongoDB service option in the cloud which requires no installation overhead and offers a free tier to get started.
Use this tutorial to install MongoDB 7.0 Enterprise Edition
apt package manager.
MongoDB Enterprise Edition is available on select platforms and contains support for several features related to security and monitoring.
This tutorial installs MongoDB 7.0 Enterprise Edition. To install a different version of MongoDB Enterprise, use the version drop-down menu in the upper-left corner of this page to select the documentation for that version.
MongoDB 7.0 Enterprise Edition supports the following 64-bit Debian releases on x86_64 architecture:
Debian 11 "Bullseye"
MongoDB only supports the 64-bit versions of these platforms.
See Platform Support for more information.
Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document which offers performance considerations and configuration recommendations for production MongoDB deployments.
To install MongoDB Enterprise on your Debian system, these
instructions will use the official
mongodb-enterprise package, which is
maintained and supported by MongoDB Inc. The official
package always contains the latest version of MongoDB, and is available
from its own dedicated repo.
mongodb package provided by Debian is not
maintained by MongoDB Inc. and conflicts with the official
mongodb-enterprise package. If you have already installed the
package on your Debian system, you must first uninstall
mongodb package before proceeding with these instructions.
See MongoDB Enterprise Edition Packages for the complete list of official packages.
Follow these steps to install MongoDB Enterprise Edition using the
apt package manager.
From a terminal, install
curl if they are not already
sudo apt-get install gnupg curl
To import the MongoDB public GPG key from https://pgp.mongodb.com/server-7.0.asc, run the following command:
curl -fsSL https://pgp.mongodb.com/server-7.0.asc | \ sudo gpg -o /usr/share/keyrings/mongodb-server-7.0.gpg \ --dearmor
Create the list file using the command appropriate for your version of Debian:
If you'd like to install MongoDB Enterprise packages from a particular release series, you can specify the release series of a version of MongoDB that is supported for your Debian build in the repository configuration. For example, to restrict your system to the 6.0 release series, add the following repository:
Issue the following command:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise
To install a specific release, you must specify each component package individually along with the version number, as in the following example:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise=7.0.1 mongodb-enterprise-database=7.0.1 mongodb-enterprise-server=7.0.1 mongodb-mongosh=7.0.1 mongodb-enterprise-mongos=7.0.1 mongodb-enterprise-tools=7.0.1
If you only install
mongodb-enterprise=7.0.1 and do not include the
component packages, the latest version of each MongoDB package will be
installed regardless of what version you specified.
Although you can specify any available version of MongoDB,
apt-get upgrades the packages when a newer version
becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the
package. To pin the version of MongoDB at the currently
installed version, issue the following command sequence:
echo "mongodb-enterprise hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-enterprise-server hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-enterprise-database hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-mongosh hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-enterprise-mongos hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections echo "mongodb-enterprise-tools hold" | sudo dpkg --set-selections
You can also install the MongoDB Shell that uses the system's OpenSSL. You must have already installed OpenSSL on your system before installing this version of the MongoDB Shell.
You can install all of the MongoDB Enterprise packages and the MongoDB Shell that uses the system's OpenSSL without removing the MongoDB Shell first. For example:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise mongodb-mongosh-shared-openssl11
The following example removes the MongoDB Shell and then installs the MongoDB Shell that uses the system's OpenSSL 1.1:
sudo apt-get remove -y mongodb-mongosh && sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-mongosh-shared-openssl11
The following example removes the MongoDB Shell and then installs the MongoDB Shell that uses the system's OpenSSL 3:
sudo apt-get remove -y mongodb-mongosh && sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-mongosh-shared-openssl3
You can also choose the MongoDB packages to install.
The following example installs MongoDB Enterprise and tools, and the MongoDB Shell that uses the system's OpenSSL 1.1:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise-database mongodb-enterprise-tools mongodb-mongosh-shared-openssl11
The following example installs MongoDB Enterprise and tools, and the MongoDB Shell that uses the system's OpenSSL 3:
sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-enterprise-database mongodb-enterprise-tools mongodb-mongosh-shared-openssl3
By default, a MongoDB instance stores:
its data files in
its log files in
If you installed via the package manager, these default directories are created during the installation.
If you installed manually by downloading the tarballs, you can create
the directories using
mkdir -p <directory> or
sudo mkdir -p
<directory> depending on the user that will run MongoDB. (See your
linux man pages for information on
By default, MongoDB runs using the
mongodb user account. If you
change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must also modify
the permission to the
directories to give this user access to these directories.
To specify a different log file directory and data file directory, edit
storage.dbPath settings in
/etc/mongod.conf. Ensure that the user running MongoDB has
access to these directories.
Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a
process may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation,
and should be adjusted. See UNIX
ulimit Settings for the recommended
settings for your platform.
Starting in MongoDB 4.4, a startup error is generated if the
ulimit value for number of open files is under
Follow these steps to run MongoDB Enterprise Edition on your system.
These instructions assume that you are using the official
package -- not the unofficial
mongodb package provided by
Debian -- and are using the default settings.
To run and manage your
mongod process, you will be using
your operating system's built-in init system. Recent versions of
Linux tend to use systemd (which uses the
while older versions of Linux tend to use System V init (which uses
If you are unsure which init system your platform uses, run the following command:
ps --no-headers -o comm 1
Then select the appropriate tab below based on the result:
systemd- select the systemd (systemctl) tab below.
init- select the System V Init (service) tab below.
To completely remove MongoDB from a system, you must remove the MongoDB applications themselves, the configuration files, and any directories containing data and logs. The following section guides you through the necessary steps.
This process will completely remove MongoDB, its configuration, and all databases. This process is not reversible, so ensure that all of your configuration and data is backed up before proceeding.
mongod process by issuing the following command:
sudo service mongod stop
By default, MongoDB launches with
bindIp set to
127.0.0.1, which binds to the localhost network interface. This
means that the
mongod can only accept connections from
clients that are running on the same machine. Remote clients will not be
able to connect to the
mongod, and the
not be able to initialize a replica set unless this value is set
to a valid network interface.
This value can be configured either:
MongoDB Enterprise Edition is available from its own dedicated repository, and contains the following officially-supported packages:
Contains the MongoDB Shell (
Contains the MongoDB Shell that uses the OpenSSL version already installed on your computer (