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Network and Configuration Hardening

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  • MongoDB Configuration Hardening
  • Network Hardening

To reduce the risk exposure of the entire MongoDB system, ensure that only trusted hosts have access to MongoDB.

MongoDB binaries, mongod and mongos, bind to localhost by default.

Warning

Before you bind your instance to a publicly-accessible IP address, you must secure your cluster from unauthorized access. For a complete list of security recommendations, see Security Checklist. At minimum, consider enabling authentication and hardening network infrastructure.

Warning

Make sure that your mongod and mongos instances are only accessible on trusted networks. If your system has more than one network interface, bind MongoDB programs to the private or internal network interface.

For more information, see IP Binding.

Changed in version 3.6: MongoDB 3.6 removes the deprecated HTTP interface and REST API to MongoDB.

Firewalls allow administrators to filter and control access to a system by providing granular control over network communications. For administrators of MongoDB, the following capabilities are important: limiting incoming traffic on a specific port to specific systems and limiting incoming traffic from untrusted hosts.

On Linux systems, the iptables interface provides access to the underlying netfilter firewall. On Windows systems, netsh command line interface provides access to the underlying Windows Firewall. For additional information about firewall configuration, see:

For best results and to minimize overall exposure, ensure that only traffic from trusted sources can reach mongod and mongos instances and that the mongod and mongos instances can only connect to trusted outputs.

Virtual private networks, or VPNs, make it possible to link two networks over an encrypted and limited-access trusted network. Typically, MongoDB users who use VPNs use TLS/SSL rather than IPSEC VPNs for performance issues.

Depending on configuration and implementation, VPNs provide for certificate validation and a choice of encryption protocols, which requires a rigorous level of authentication and identification of all clients. Furthermore, because VPNs provide a secure tunnel, by using a VPN connection to control access to your MongoDB instance, you can prevent tampering and "man-in-the-middle" attacks.

IP forwarding allows servers to forward packets to other systems. Disable this feature on servers that host mongod.

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