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Delete a Document

You can delete a single document from a collection using the deleteOne() method on a MongoCollection object. The method accepts a query filter that matches the document you want to delete. If you do not specify a filter, MongoDB matches the first document in the collection. The deleteOne() method only deletes the first document matched.

This method returns an instance of DeleteResult which contains information including how many documents were deleted as a result of the operation.

If your delete operation fails, the driver raises an exception. For more information on the types of exceptions raised under specific conditions, see the API documentation for deleteOne(), linked at the bottom of this page.

The following snippet deletes a single document from the movies collection of the sample_mflix database. The example uses the eq() filter to match movies with the title exactly matching the text 'The Garbage Pail Kids Movie'.


This example connects to an instance of MongoDB using a connection URI. To learn more about connecting to your MongoDB instance, see the connection guide.

// Deletes a document from a collection by using the Java driver
package usage.examples;
import static com.mongodb.client.model.Filters.eq;
import org.bson.Document;
import org.bson.conversions.Bson;
import com.mongodb.MongoException;
import com.mongodb.client.MongoClient;
import com.mongodb.client.MongoClients;
import com.mongodb.client.MongoCollection;
import com.mongodb.client.MongoDatabase;
import com.mongodb.client.result.DeleteResult;
public class DeleteOne {
public static void main(String[] args) {
// Replace the uri string with your MongoDB deployment's connection string
String uri = "<connection string uri>";
try (MongoClient mongoClient = MongoClients.create(uri)) {
MongoDatabase database = mongoClient.getDatabase("sample_mflix");
MongoCollection<Document> collection = database.getCollection("movies");
Bson query = eq("title", "The Garbage Pail Kids Movie");
try {
// Deletes the first document that has a "title" value of "The Garbage Pail Kids Movie"
DeleteResult result = collection.deleteOne(query);
System.out.println("Deleted document count: " + result.getDeletedCount());
// Prints a message if any exceptions occur during the operation
} catch (MongoException me) {
System.err.println("Unable to delete due to an error: " + me);

When you run the example, if the query filter you passed in your call to deleteOne() matches a document and removes it, you should see output that looks something like this:

Deleted document count: 1

If your query filter does not match a document in your collection, your call to deleteOne() removes no documents and returns the following:

Deleted document count: 0


Legacy API

If you are using the legacy API, see our FAQ page to learn what changes you need to make to this code example.

For additional information on the classes and methods mentioned on this page, see the following API Documentation:

  • deleteOne()

  • DeleteResult

  • eq()

← Delete Operations