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$toObjectId (aggregation)

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  • Definition
  • Behavior
  • Example

New in version 4.0.

Converts a value to an ObjectId(). If the value cannot be converted to an ObjectId, $toObjectId errors. If the value is null or missing, $toObjectId returns null.

$toObjectId has the following syntax:

$toObjectId: <expression>

The $toObjectId takes any valid expression.

The $toObjectId is a shorthand for the following $convert expression:

{ $convert: { input: <expression>, to: "objectId" } }
See also:

The following table lists the input types that can be converted to an ObjectId:

Input Type

Returns an ObjectId for the hexadecimal string of length 24.

You cannot convert a string value that is not a hexadecimal string of length 24.

The following table lists some conversion to date examples:

{$toObjectId: "5ab9cbfa31c2ab715d42129e"}
{$toObjectId: "5ab9cbfa31c2ab715d42129"}

Create a collection orders with the following documents:

db.orders.insertMany( [
{ _id: "5ab9cbe531c2ab715d42129a", item: "apple", qty: 10 },
{ _id: ObjectId("5ab9d0b831c2ab715d4212a8"), item: "pie", qty: 5 },
{ _id: ObjectId("5ab9d2d331c2ab715d4212b3"), item: "ice cream", qty: 20 },
{ _id: "5ab9e16431c2ab715d4212b4", item: "almonds", qty: 50 },
] )

The following aggregation operation on the orders collection converts the _id to ObjectId before sorting by the value:

// Define stage to add convertedId field with converted _id value
idConversionStage = {
$addFields: {
convertedId: { $toObjectId: "$_id" }
// Define stage to sort documents by the converted qty values
sortStage = {
$sort: { "convertedId": -1 }
db.orders.aggregate( [
] )

The operation returns the following documents:

_id: '5ab9e16431c2ab715d4212b4',
item: 'almonds',
qty: 50,
convertedId: ObjectId("5ab9e16431c2ab715d4212b4")
_id: ObjectId("5ab9d2d331c2ab715d4212b3"),
item: 'ice cream',
qty: 20,
convertedId: ObjectId("5ab9d2d331c2ab715d4212b3")
_id: ObjectId("5ab9d0b831c2ab715d4212a8"),
item: 'pie',
qty: 5,
convertedId: ObjectId("5ab9d0b831c2ab715d4212a8")
_id: '5ab9cbe531c2ab715d42129a',
item: 'apple',
qty: 10,
convertedId: ObjectId("5ab9cbe531c2ab715d42129a")

If the conversion operation encounters an error, the aggregation operation stops and throws an error. To override this behavior, use $convert instead.

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