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MongoDB Manual


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  • Getting Started
  • Authentication Mechanisms
  • SCRAM Authentication
  • x.509 Certificate Authentication
  • Kerberos Authentication
  • LDAP Proxy Authentication
  • OpenID Connect Authentication
  • Internal / Membership Authentication

Authentication is the process of verifying the identity of a client. When access control (authorization) is enabled, MongoDB requires all clients to authenticate themselves in order to determine their access.

Although authentication and authorization are closely connected, authentication is distinct from authorization:

  • Authentication verifies the identity of a user.

  • Authorization determines the verified user's access to resources and operations.

You can configure authentication through the UI for deployments hosted in MongoDB Atlas.

To get started using access control, follow these tutorials:

Salted Challenge Response Authentication Mechanism (SCRAM) is the default authentication mechanism for MongoDB.

For more information on SCRAM and MongoDB, see:

MongoDB supports x.509 certificate authentication for client authentication and internal authentication of the members of replica sets and sharded clusters. x.509 certificate authentication requires a secure TLS/SSL connection.

To use MongoDB with x.509, you must use valid certificates generated and signed by a certificate authority. The client x.509 certificates must meet the client certificate requirements.

For more information on x.509 and MongoDB, see:

MongoDB Enterprise supports Kerberos Authentication. Kerberos is an industry standard authentication protocol for large client/server systems that provides authentication using short-lived tokens that are called tickets.

To use MongoDB with Kerberos, you must have a properly configured Kerberos deployment, configured Kerberos service principals for MongoDB, and a Kerberos user principal added to MongoDB.

For more information on Kerberos and MongoDB, see:

MongoDB Enterprise and MongoDB Atlas support LDAP Proxy Authentication proxy authentication through a Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) service.

For more information on Kerberos and MongoDB, see:

These mechanisms allow MongoDB to integrate into your existing authentication system.

MongoDB Enterprise supports OpenID Connect authentication. OpenID Connect is an authentication layer built on top of OAuth2. You can use OpenID Connect to configure single sign-on between your MongoDB database and a third-party identity provider.

For more information on OpenID Connect and MongoDB, see:

In addition to verifying the identity of a client, MongoDB can require members of replica sets and sharded clusters to authenticate their membership to their respective replica set or sharded cluster. See Internal/Membership Authentication for more information.

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