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Multi-User Applications - React Native SDK

On this page

  • User Account States
  • Before You Begin
  • Add a New User to the Device
  • List All Users on the Device
  • Remove a User from the Device
  • Change the Active User

The Realm SDK allows multiple users to be logged in to an app simultaneously on a given device. Atlas App Services client applications run in the context of a single active user even if multiple users are logged in simultaneously. You can quickly switch between authenticated users without requiring them to log in again.


Any logged-in user may become the active user without re-authenticating. Depending on your app, this may be a security vulnerability. For example, a user on a shared device may switch to a coworker's logged in account without providing their credentials or requiring their explicit permission. If your application requires stricter authentication, avoid switching between users and prefer to explicitly log the active user out before authenticating another user.

When a user first logs in through a Realm SDK on a device, the SDK saves the user's information and keeps track of the user's state on the device. The user's data remains on the device, even if they log out, unless you actively remove the user.

The following states describe an on-device user at any given time:

  • Authenticated: any user that has logged in on the device and has not logged out or had its session revoked.

    • Active: a single authenticated user that is currently using the app on a given device. The SDK associates this user with outgoing requests and App Services evaluates data access permissions and runs functions in this user's context. See active user for more information.

    • Inactive: all authenticated users that are not the current active user. You can switch the active user to a currently inactive user at any time.

  • Logged Out: any user that authenticated on the device but has since logged out or had their session revoked.

The following diagram shows how users within an App Services client app transition between states when certain events occur:

A diagram the outlines the different states a user can be in: logged out, logged in and active, & logged in and inactive.

If you're using @realm/react, you must wrap any components that you want to manage users with in the AppProvider component. Components wrapped with an AppProvider can use the useApp() hook to access the Realm.App client.

For more information on using the AppProvider component and useApp() hook, refer to Connect to an Atlas App Services App.

The Realm SDK automatically adds users to a device when they log in for the first time on that device. When a user logs in, they immediately become the application's active user.

// Log in as Joe
const joeCredentials = Realm.Credentials.emailPassword("", "passw0rd")
const joe = await app.logIn(joeCredentials);
// The active user is now Joe
assert( ===;
// Log in as Emma
const emmaCredentials = Realm.Credentials.emailPassword("", "pa55word")
const emma = await app.logIn(emmaCredentials);
// The active user is now Emma, but Joe is still logged in
assert( ===;

You can access a list of all user accounts on the device with Realm.App.allUsers. This property includes an array all users that have logged in to the client app on a device.

// Get a list of all Users
app.allUsers.forEach(user => {
console.log(`User with id ${} is ${user.isLoggedIn ? "logged in" : "logged out"}`);

You can remove all information about a user from the device and automatically log the user out with Realm.App.removeUser(). This method does not delete the user from the backend App.

// Remove the current user from the device
const user = app.currentUser;
await app.removeUser(user);
// The user is no longer the active user
if(app.currentUser) {
// The active user is now the logged in user (if there still is one) that was
// most recently active
assert( !==
// The user is no longer on the device
assert(app.allUsers.find(({ id }) => id === === undefined);

You can quickly switch an app's active user to another logged-in user at any time with Realm.App.switchUser().

// Get some logged-in users
const authenticatedUsers = app.allUsers.filter(user => user.isLoggedIn);
const user1 = authenticatedUsers[0];
const user2 = authenticatedUsers[1];
// Switch to user1
// The active user is now user1
assert( ===;
// Switch to user2
// The active user is now user2
assert( ===;
← Manage Email/Password Users