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  • Definition
  • Compatibility
  • Syntax
  • Behavior
  • Example

The $inc operator increments a field by a specified value.

You can use $inc for deployments hosted in the following environments:

  • MongoDB Atlas: The fully managed service for MongoDB deployments in the cloud

  • MongoDB Enterprise: The subscription-based, self-managed version of MongoDB

  • MongoDB Community: The source-available, free-to-use, and self-managed version of MongoDB

The $inc operator has the following form:

{ $inc: { <field1>: <amount1>, <field2>: <amount2>, ... } }

To specify a <field> in an embedded document or in an array, use dot notation.

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, update operators process document fields with string-based names in lexicographic order. Fields with numeric names are processed in numeric order. See Update Operators Behavior for details.

The $inc operator accepts positive and negative values.

If the field does not exist, $inc creates the field and sets the field to the specified value.

Use of the $inc operator on a field with a null value will generate an error.

$inc is an atomic operation within a single document.

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, mongod no longer raises an error when you use an update operator like $inc with an empty operand expression ( { } ). An empty update results in no changes and no oplog entry is created (meaning that the operation is a no-op).

Create the products collection:

_id: 1,
sku: "abc123",
quantity: 10,
metrics: { orders: 2, ratings: 3.5 }

The following updateOne() operation uses the $inc operator to:

  • increase the "metrics.orders" field by 1

  • increase the quantity field by -2 (which decreases quantity)

{ sku: "abc123" },
{ $inc: { quantity: -2, "metrics.orders": 1 } }

The updated document would resemble:

_id: 1,
sku: 'abc123',
quantity: 8,
metrics: { orders: 3, ratings: 3.5 }


See also:

← $currentDate
$min →