Docs Menu
Docs Home
MongoDB Manual
/ / / /


On this page

  • Definition
  • Behavior
  • Example

Defines a circle for a geospatial query that uses spherical geometry. The query returns documents that are within the bounds of the circle. You can use the $centerSphere operator on both GeoJSON objects and legacy coordinate pairs.

To use $centerSphere, specify an array that contains:

<location field>: {
$geoWithin: { $centerSphere: [ [ <x>, <y> ], <radius> ] }


If you use longitude and latitude, specify longitude first.

Applications can use $centerSphere without having a geospatial index. However, geospatial indexes support much faster queries than the unindexed equivalents.

Both 2dsphere and 2d geospatial indexes support $centerSphere.

The following example queries grid coordinates and returns all documents within a 10 mile radius of longitude 88 W and latitude 30 N. The query converts the distance to radians by dividing by the approximate equatorial radius of the earth, 3963.2 miles:

db.places.find( {
loc: { $geoWithin: { $centerSphere: [ [ -88, 30 ], 10/3963.2 ] } }
} )