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Configure MongoDB Authentication and Authorization

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  • Considerations
  • Access Control Mechanisms
  • Edit Host Credentials

Your MongoDB deployments can use the access control mechanisms described on this page. You specify the authentication settings when adding the deployment. You can edit the security settings after adding a deployment.

If a deployment uses access control, the MongoDB Agent must authenticate to the deployment as MongoDB users with appropriate access. Enable and configure authentication through the Ops Manager Application.

With access control enabled, you must create MongoDB users so that clients can access your databases.

Ops Manager automatically creates a user for the MongoDB Agent when you enable access control. The MongoDB Agent can administrate and manage other users. As such, the first user you create can have any role.

When you select an Authentication Mechanism for your Ops Manager group, this enables access control for all the deployments in your Ops Manager group.

Note

Recommendation

To avoid inconsistencies, use the Ops Manager interface to manage users and roles for MongoDB deployments.

Tip

See also:

To learn more about MongoDB access control, see the Authentication and Authorization pages in the MongoDB manual.

MongoDB supports the following implementations of challenge-response mechanisms for authenticating users with passwords.

In the following table, the default authentication mechanism for the release series is marked with and acceptable authentication mechanisms are marked with .

MongoDB Release Series
5.x.x
4.4.x
4.2.x
4.0.x
3.6.x
3.4.x

To enable SCRAM-SHA-1 or SCRAM-SHA-256 for your Ops Manager project, complete the following tasks:

  1. Enable Username and Password Authentication for your Ops Manager Project.

  2. Configure MongoDB Agent for Authentication.

MongoDB Enterprise supports proxy authentication of users. This allows administrators to configure a MongoDB cluster to authenticate users by proxying authentication requests to a specified LDAP service.

To enable LDAP for your Ops Manager project, complete the following tasks:

  1. Enable LDAP Authentication for your Ops Manager Project.

  2. Configure MongoDB Agent for LDAP.

MongoDB Enterprise supports authentication using a Kerberos service. Kerberos is an IETF (RFC 4120) standard authentication protocol for large client/server systems.

To use MongoDB with Kerberos, you must have a properly configured Kerberos deployment, configure Kerberos service principals for MongoDB, and add the Kerberos user principal.

To enable Kerberos for your Ops Manager project, complete the following tasks:

  1. Enable Kerberos Authentication for your Ops Manager Project

  2. Configure the MongoDB Agent for Kerberos.

Specify Kerberos as the MongoDB process's authentication mechanism when adding or editing the deployment.

MongoDB supports X.509 certificate authentication for use with a secure TLS connection. The X.509 client authentication allows clients to authenticate to servers with certificates rather than with a username and password.

To enable X.509 authentication for your Ops Manager project, complete the following tasks:

  1. Enable x.509 Authentication for your Ops Manager Project.

  2. Configure the MongoDB Agent for X.509 Authentication.

You can also use X.509 certificates for membership authentication for the processes that Ops Manager monitors.

You can configure the deployment to use the authentication mechanism from the Ops Manager interface. The Manage MongoDB Users and Roles tutorials describe how to configure an existing deployment to use each authentication mechanism.

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Secure MongoDB Deployments with Authentication

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Enable Username/Password Authentication