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Enable x.509 Authentication for your Ops Manager Project

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  • Prerequisites
  • Procedures

Ops Manager enables you to configure the Authentication Mechanisms that all clients, including the Ops Manager Agents, use to connect to your MongoDB deployments. You can enable multiple authentication mechanisms for each of your projects, but you must choose only one mechanism for the Agents.

MongoDB supports x.509 client and member certificate authentication for use with a secure TLS/SSL connection. The x.509 authentication allows users and other members to authenticate to servers with certificates rather than with a username and password.

Important

A full description of Transport Layer Security, public key infrastructure, X.509 certificates, and Certificate Authorities exceeds the scope of this tutorial. This tutorial assumes prior knowledge of TLS and access to valid X.509 certificates.

These procedures describe how to configure and enable x.509 authentication when using Automation. If Ops Manager does not manage your agents, you must manually configure them to use x.509 authentication.

Note

Important

Using x.509 client certificate authentication requires TLS/SSL. If Ops Manager manages one or more existing deployments, TLS/SSL must be enabled on each process in the MongoDB deployment before enabling x.509 authentication.

Note

If TLS/SSL is already enabled, you may skip this procedure.

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  1. If it is not already displayed, select the organization that contains your desired project from the Organizations menu in the navigation bar.

  2. If it is not already displayed, select your desired project from the Projects menu in the navigation bar.

  3. If it is not already displayed, click Deployment in the sidebar.

  1. Click the Clusters view.

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  1. Click Add Option to add each of the following options:

    Option
    Required
    Value
    Required
    Select requireTLS.
    Required
    Provide the absolute path to the server certificate.
    Required

    Provide the PEM key file password if you encrypted it.

    Important

    If the encrypted private key for the .pem certificate file is in PKCS #8 format, it must use PBES2 encryption operations. The MongoDB Agent does not support PKCS #8 with other encryption operations.

    Optional
    Select true if you want to enable FIPS mode.
  2. After adding each option, click Add.

  3. When you have added the required options, click Save.

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Otherwise, click Cancel and you can make additional changes.

Note

This procedure is optional. It enables members of a replica set or sharded cluster to also use x.509 certificates to authenticate each other. If it is not configured, replica set and sharded cluster members can still authenticate with each other using keyFile authentication.

Warning

This Procedure is Irreversible

If you enable x.509 member certificate authentication for any deployment in a project, you can't disable x.509 member certificate authentication for the deployment or disable x.509 client authentication at the project level.

Enabling x.509 member certificate authentication for a deployment in a project doesn't enable or require x.509 member certificate authentication for other deployments in the project. You can optionally enable each other deployment in the project to use x.509 member certificate authentication.

Important

If you configured the MongoDB Agent PEM and set security.clusterAuthMode: to x509, a warning that Client connecting with server's own TLS certificate displays in the mongod log files, indicating that the client is connecting with the server's own TLS certificate.

This is expected behavior, because the MongoDB Agent connects to Ops Manager using the internal authorization configuration. No action is necessary.

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  1. If it is not already displayed, select the organization that contains your desired project from the Organizations menu in the navigation bar.

  2. If it is not already displayed, select your desired project from the Projects menu in the navigation bar.

  3. If it is not already displayed, click Deployment in the sidebar.

  1. Click the Clusters view.

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  1. Click Add Option to add each option.

    Option
    Value
    clusterAuthMode
    Select x509.
    clusterFile
    Provide the path to the member PEM Key file.
  2. After each option, click Add.

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Otherwise, click Cancel and you can make additional changes.

When you have configured the TLS/SSL options for each deployed process, you can proceed to enable x.509 authentication for your Ops Manager project.

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  1. If it is not already displayed, select the organization that contains your desired project from the Organizations menu in the navigation bar.

  2. If it is not already displayed, select your desired project from the Projects menu in the navigation bar.

  3. If it is not already displayed, click Deployment in the sidebar.

  1. Click the Security tab.

  2. Click the Settings tab.

  3. Perform one of the following actions:

    • If this is your first time configuring TLS, authentication, or authorization settings for this project, click Get Started.

    • If you have already configured TLS authentication, or authorization settings for this project, click Edit.

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Field
Action
MongoDB Deployment Transport Layer Security (TLS)
Toggle this slider to ON.
TLS CA File Path

The TLS Certificate Authority file is a .pem-format certificate file that contains the root certificate chain from the Certificate Authority. The MongoDB Agent uses this same Certificate Authority file to connect to every item in your deployment.

Note

The encrypted private key for the .pem certificate file must be in PKCS #1 format. The MongoDB Agent doesn't support the PKCS #8 format.

Type the file path to the TLS Certificate Authority file on every host running a MongoDB process:

  • Type the file path on all Linux hosts in the first box.

  • Type the file path on all Windows hosts in the second box.

This enables the net.tls.CAFile setting for the MongoDB processes in the project.

Click Validate to test that each host in your deployment has a TLS Certificate Authority at the paths you specified.

Client Certificate Mode

Select if client applications or MongoDB Agents must present a TLS certificate when connecting to a TLS-enabled MongoDB deployments. Each MongoDB deployment checks for certificates from these client hosts when they try to connect. If you choose to require the client TLS certificates, make sure they are valid.

Accepted values are:

Optional
Every client may present a valid TLS certificate when connecting to MongoDB deployments. MongoDB Agents might use TLS certificates if you don't set the mongod tlsMode to None.
Required
Every MongoDB deployment in this project starts with TLS-encrypted network connections. All Agents must use TLS to connect to any MongoDB deployment.
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In the MongoDB Agent Connections to Deployment section, select X.509 Client Certificate (MONGODB-X509).

Important

If you are not using LDAP authorization, you must add users to the $external database in your MongoDB deployment. For an example, see x.509 Client Certificate Authentication.

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Important

Starting with MongoDB 3.4, you can authenticate users using LDAP, Kerberos, and X.509 certificates without requiring local user documents in the $external database as long as you enable LDAP authorization first. When such a user successfully authenticates, MongoDB performs a query against the LDAP server to retrieve all groups which that LDAP user possesses and transforms those groups into their equivalent MongoDB roles.

Skip this step if you don't want to enable LDAP authorization.

  1. Enter values for the following fields:

    Setting
    Value
    LDAP Authorization
    Toggle to ON to enable LDAP authorization.
    Authorization Query Template
    Specify a template for an LDAP query URL to retrieve a list of LDAP groups for an LDAP user.
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You can enable more than one authentication mechanism for your MongoDB deployment, but the Ops Manager Agents can only use one authentication mechanism. Select X.509 Client Certificate (MONGODB-X509) to connect to your MongoDB deployment.

  1. Select the X.509 Client Certificate (MONGODB-X509) option from the Agent Auth Mechanism section.

  2. Provide credentials for the MongoDB Agent:

    Setting
    Value
    MongoDB Agent Username
    Enter the LDAPv3 distinguished name derived from the Agent's PEM Key file.
    MongoDB Agent Certificate File
    Provide the path and filename for the Agent's PEM Key file on the server on the line for the appropriate operating system.
    MongoDB Agent Certificate Password
    Provide the password to the PEM Key file if it was encrypted.
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Otherwise, click Cancel and you can make additional changes.

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After enabling LDAP Authorization, you need to create custom MongoDB roles for each LDAP Group you specified for LDAP Authorization.

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