This blog post is a tutorial written for Sitecore administrators who would like to deploy Sitecore on Microsoft Azure with MongoDB Atlas as the Database as a Service (DBaaS provider) for Sitecore’s MongoDB databases.
The Sitecore Azure Toolkit scripts allow you to easily deploy Sitecore as an App Service on Microsoft Azure, but the setup and configuration of the required analytics and tracking MongoDB databases is the responsibility of the operations team running the Sitecore cloud deployment.
Now that MongoDB Atlas is available on Microsoft Azure, you can use it to dramatically accelerate the time to market of your Sitecore Cloud deployment. Atlas makes maintenance easy by relying on MongoDB’s expertise to maintain the database for you instead of setting up and operating your own MongoDB infrastructure on Microsoft Azure Virtual Machines. Additionally, by hosting your Sitecore VMs in the same region as your MongoDB Atlas clusters, you benefit from fast, local Internet connections between Azure VMs and MongoDB Atlas. Here is what Sitecore has to say:
“With MongoDB Atlas on Azure, Sitecore customers now have the benefit of sourcing MongoDB directly from its creators,” said Ryan Donovan, Senior Vice President of Product Management at Sitecore. “This, coupled with MongoDB’s enterprise-class support and service levels, delivers a vehicle that seamlessly complements Sitecore’s strong commitment to the Microsoft Azure cloud.
Sitecore deployment on Azure
To install Sitecore on Microsoft Azure, you should start by reading the related Sitecore documentation page.
Once you have chosen your Sitecore deployment type (XP0, XM, XP or XDB) and uploaded the corresponding WebDeploy package to your Microsoft Azure storage account, head over to MongoDB Atlas to prepare the cluster. You will use it to host your Sitecore MongoDB database. If you don’t have a MongoDB Atlas account yet, register here to create one.
It is possible to host your Sitecore MongoDB cluster is an existing Atlas group, but recall that security configurations are scoped at the group, not cluster level. I highly recommend using a new, independent Atlas group for security reasons (namely, to keep its IP Whitelisting and database users configuration independent). The following tutorial assumes that we will deploy a Sitecore 8.2.3 XP0 environment using a dedicated Atlas group we’ll name Sitecore-Azure.
MongoDB Atlas cluster setup
Once you have signed in to MongoDB Atlas, select your name in the top right corner of any MongoDB Atlas page and select My Groups.
Add a new group called Sitecore-Azure and make sure you choose MongoDB Atlas as the group type.
Once your Atlas group has been created, press the Build a New Cluster button. Give a name to your cluster (for instance, Sitecore). Choose the Microsoft Azure provider and the region of your choice (among those supported by MongoDB Atlas). Using the same deployment region as your Sitecore web and Azure SQL servers provides latency benefits and cost savings. In this tutorial, I chose to deploy Sitecore in the westus region.
Choose the M30 cluster instance size, knowing that you will always have the option to scale up to a larger instance size, without any upgrade downtime at all.
Since we’re setting up a brand new cluster, you’ll need an administrator account. Scroll down to configure your cluster admin user (I use atlasAdmin as the admin user name) and press the Continue to Payment button. After filling out your credit card information, MongoDB Atlas starts provisioning your Sitecore cluster. It’s that easy!
MongoDB Atlas cluster security configuration
Sitecore needs a MongoDB database user account for access to its databases. While your cluster is being provisioned, head over to the Security tab to create database users. We highly recommend that you follow least-privilege access best practices and create a specific user for each of the 4 MongoDB databases.
Press the Add New User button to create the database user we’ll use to access the Analytics database. Security binds a user to one or more databases and in this tutorial, I chose the username scAnalytics and the analytics database name sitecoreAnalytics. The scAnalytics user should only have readWrite permissions on this database as shown in the screenshot below. The readWrite built-in role provides Sitecore all necessary access to create collections and change data while still following the least-privilege access best practice.
Select the Show Advanced Options link in the User Privileges section to add the readWrite permission.
After creating 3 additional users for the 3 Sitecore tracking databases with similar permissions, the Security/MongoDB Users tab should display the following users:
Now that we have user accounts, let’s move back to provisioning Sitecore. Before provisioning our Sitecore environment, we need to retrieve our database cluster’s connection string. Select the Clusters tab, select the Sitecore cluster and press the Connect button.
In the pop-up window, press the Copy button next to the URI Connection String and paste the connection string into a safe location.
It’s now time to set up your Sitecore Cloud environment. There are 2 ways you can provision your Sitecore Cloud environment in Azure:
I'll cover both options in the sections below.
Sitecore Cloud environment setup with the Sitecore Azure Toolkit
First, make sure your Windows (physical or virtual) machine matches the Sitecore Azure Toolkit requirements.
Next, from the Sitecore Azure Quickstarts GitHub repository, download the azuredeploy.parameters.json files from the proper folder. Since I want to install Sitecore 8.2.3 in a XP0 configuration, the corresponding folder is https://github.com/Sitecore/Sitecore-Azure-Quickstart-Templates/tree/master/Sitecore%208.2.3/xp0. Put this file at the root of the Sitecore Azure Toolkit folder on your Windows operating system, along with your Sitecore license file. Next, open the azuredeploy.parameters.json file in your favorite text editor.
Using Microsoft Azure Storage Explorer, right-click on each WDP file you previously uploaded to your Azure Storage account (as instructed in the Prepare WebDeploy packages section) and select the Get Shared Access Signature menu:
The Shared Access Signature window shows up. Note that the Start and Expiry times might be slightly off and that the generated link might not be valid. I therefore recommend you decrease the Start Time by one hour (or more):
Press the Create button, Copy the URL field and paste it to its corresponding parameter in the azuredeploy.parameters.json file, as instructed in the Sitecore environment template configuration configuration (in my case, I configured the singleMsDeployPackageUrl parameter).
For the four MongoDB-related parameters (analyticsMongoDbConnectionString, trackingLiveMongoDbConnectionString, trackingHistoryMongoDbConnectionString and trackingContactMongoDbConnectionString), use the MongoDB Atlas connection string you previously retrieved and replace atlasAdmin with
Paste these connection strings to their corresponding parameters in the azuredeploy.parameters.json file. Don’t forget to also fill out other required parameters in that file, such as deploymentId, sqlServerLogin, sqlServerPassword and sitecoreAdminPassword.
Finally, open a Powershell command prompt running as administrator, navigate to the root folder of the Sitecore Azure Toolkit on your machine, and run the following commands:
Import-Module AzureRM Import-Module .\tools\Sitecore.Cloud.Cmdlets.psm1 -Verbose Login-AzureRMAccount
Provided you get no error, the last line should prompt a browser window requiring you to sign in with your Microsoft Azure account.
After successfully signing in with Azure, invoke the Sitecore deployment command. In my case, I ran the following command:
Start-SitecoreAzureDeployment -Location "westus" -Name "sc" -ArmTemplateUrl "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Sitecore/Sitecore-Azure-Quickstart-Templates/master/Sitecore%208.2.3/xp0/azuredeploy.json" -ArmParametersPath ".\azuredeploy.parameters.json" -LicenseXmlPath ".\MongoDBTempLic.xml"
The command line should display “Deployment Started…” but since the Azure provisioning process takes a few minutes, I advise you follow the provisioning process from the Resource groups page on your Azure portal:
Sitecore Cloud environment setup with the Sitecore Azure Marketplace wizard
If you prefer to use the more automated Sitecore wizard on Azure Marketplace, navigate to Sitecore Experience Platform product page and start the creation process by pressing Get It Now. Once you reach the Credentials tab, enter your 4 MongoDB Atlas connection strings, as shown in the screenshot below.
After you complete the wizard, your Sitecore environment will be provisioned in Microsoft Azure similarly to the Sitecore Azure Toolkit process described above.
Each Azure App Service exposes the outbound IP addresses it uses. While Microsoft doesn’t formally guarantee that these are fixed IPs, there seems to be evidence that these outbound IP addresses don’t change unless you make significant modifications to your app service (such as scaling it up or down). Another option would be to create an Azure App Service Environment, but this is outside the scope of this blog post.
To find out which outbound IP addresses your app service uses, head over to the Properties tab of your app service and copy the outbound IP addresses available in the namesake section:
Navigate to the Security/IP Whitelist tab of your MongoDB Atlas cluster, press the Add IP Address button and add each Azure outbound IP address.
Testing connectivity with MongoDB Atlas
Once the Sitecore Powershell command completes, your Sitecore web site should be up and running at the url available in your Azure App Service page (in my case, the “sc-single” App Service):
Copy/paste the URL available in your Azure App Service page into a browser (see screenshot above). The following page should appear:
You can also navigate to [your_azurewebsites_sitecore_url]/sitecore/admin where you can access the site administration page. Use admin as the username and the sitecoreAdminPassword value from the azuredeploy.parameters.json file as your password.
Verify that your MongoDB Atlas cluster has the proper collections in each of the 4 databases previously mentioned by using MongoDB Atlas’ Data Explorer tab (or MongoDB Compass if you prefer to use a client-side tool). For example, the Sitecore Analytics database shows the following collections when using Sitecore 8.2.3:
You can even drill down inside each collection to see the entries Sitecore might already have generated, for instance in the UserAgents collection:
I hope that you found this tutorial helpful. You should now have a running Sitecore Cloud environment with MongoDB Atlas on Microsoft Azure.
If you’re interested in MongoDB Atlas and don’t have an account yet, you can sign up for free and create a cluster in minutes.
If you’d like to know more about MongoDB deployment options for Sitecore, including our Sitecore consulting engagement package, visit the MongoDB for Sitecore page.
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About the Author - Raphael Londner
Raphael Londner is a Principal Developer Advocate at MongoDB, focused on cloud technologies such as Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Engine. Previously he was a developer advocate at Okta as well as a startup entrepreneur in the identity management space. You can follow him on Twitter at @rlondner.