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logRotate

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  • Definition
  • Syntax
  • Command Fields
  • Limitations
  • Behavior
  • Examples
logRotate

The logRotate command is an administrative command that allows you to rotate the MongoDB server log and/or audit log to prevent a single logfile from consuming too much disk space.

You must issue the logRotate command against the admin database.

The command has the following syntax:

db.adminCommand(
{
logRotate: <integer or string>,
comment: <string>
}
)

The command takes the following fields:

Field
Type
Description
logRotate
integer or string

The log or logs to rotate, according to the following:

  • 1 -- Rotates both the server and audit logs

  • "server" -- Rotates only the server log

  • "audit" -- Rotates only the audit log

comment
string
Optional. A message logged by the server to the log file and audit file at time of log rotation.

You may also rotate the logs by sending a SIGUSR1 signal to the mongod process.

For example, if a running mongod instance has a process ID (PID) of 2200, the following command rotates the log file for that instance on Linux:

kill -SIGUSR1 2200

The systemLog.logRotate setting or --logRotate option specify logRotate's behavior.

When systemLog.logRotate or --logRotate are set to rename, logRotate renames the existing log file by appending the current timestamp to the filename. The appended timestamp has the following form:

<YYYY>-<mm>-<DD>T<HH>-<MM>-<SS>

Then logRotate creates a new log file with the same name as originally specified by the systemLog.path setting to mongod or mongos.

When systemLog.logRotate or --logRotate are set to reopen, logRotate follows the typical Linux/Unix behavior, and simply closes the log file then reopens a log file with the same name. With reopen, mongod expects that another process renames the file prior to the rotation, and that the reopen results in the creation of a new file.

The following example rotates both the server log and the audit log:

db.adminCommand( { logRotate: 1 } )

The following example rotates only the audit log, and provides a custom message to the log file at time of rotation:

db.adminCommand( { logRotate: "audit", comment: "Rotating audit log" } )
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