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Drivers API

On this page

  • Callback API vs Core API
  • Callback API
  • Core API
  • Driver Versions
  • Transaction Error Handling
  • Additional Information

The Callback API:

The Core API:

The callback API incorporates logic:

Starting in MongoDB 6.2, the server does not retry the transaction if it receives a TransactionTooLargeForCache error.


Use the Select your language drop-down menu in the upper-right to set the language of the examples on this page.


Important

  • Use the MongoDB driver for your MongoDB version.

  • When using drivers, each operation in the transaction must pass the session to each operation.

  • Operations in a transaction use transaction-level read concern, transaction-level write concern, and transaction-level read preference.

  • You can create collections in transactions implicitly or explicitly. See Create Collections and Indexes in a Transaction.

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

static bool
with_transaction_example (bson_error_t *error)
{
mongoc_client_t *client = NULL;
mongoc_write_concern_t *wc = NULL;
mongoc_collection_t *coll = NULL;
bool success = false;
bool ret = false;
bson_t *doc = NULL;
bson_t *insert_opts = NULL;
mongoc_client_session_t *session = NULL;
mongoc_transaction_opt_t *txn_opts = NULL;
/* For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the
* members in the URI string; e.g.
* uri_repl = "mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:" \
* "27017/?replicaSet=myRepl";
* client = mongoc_client_new (uri_repl);
* For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
* uri_sharded =
* "mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017/";
* client = mongoc_client_new (uri_sharded);
*/
client = get_client ();
/* Prereq: Create collections. Note Atlas connection strings include a majority write
* concern by default.
*/
wc = mongoc_write_concern_new ();
mongoc_write_concern_set_wmajority (wc, 0);
insert_opts = bson_new ();
mongoc_write_concern_append (wc, insert_opts);
coll = mongoc_client_get_collection (client, "mydb1", "foo");
doc = BCON_NEW ("abc", BCON_INT32 (0));
ret = mongoc_collection_insert_one (coll, doc, insert_opts, NULL /* reply */, error);
if (!ret) {
goto fail;
}
bson_destroy (doc);
mongoc_collection_destroy (coll);
coll = mongoc_client_get_collection (client, "mydb2", "bar");
doc = BCON_NEW ("xyz", BCON_INT32 (0));
ret = mongoc_collection_insert_one (coll, doc, insert_opts, NULL /* reply */, error);
if (!ret) {
goto fail;
}
/* Step 1: Start a client session. */
session = mongoc_client_start_session (client, NULL /* opts */, error);
if (!session) {
goto fail;
}
/* Step 2: Optional. Define options to use for the transaction. */
txn_opts = mongoc_transaction_opts_new ();
mongoc_transaction_opts_set_write_concern (txn_opts, wc);
/* Step 3: Use mongoc_client_session_with_transaction to start a transaction,
* execute the callback, and commit (or abort on error). */
ret = mongoc_client_session_with_transaction (session, callback, txn_opts, NULL /* ctx */, NULL /* reply */, error);
if (!ret) {
goto fail;
}
success = true;
fail:
bson_destroy (doc);
mongoc_collection_destroy (coll);
bson_destroy (insert_opts);
mongoc_write_concern_destroy (wc);
mongoc_transaction_opts_destroy (txn_opts);
mongoc_client_session_destroy (session);
mongoc_client_destroy (client);
return success;
}
/* Define the callback that specifies the sequence of operations to perform
* inside the transactions. */
static bool
callback (mongoc_client_session_t *session, void *ctx, bson_t **reply, bson_error_t *error)
{
mongoc_client_t *client = NULL;
mongoc_collection_t *coll = NULL;
bson_t *doc = NULL;
bool success = false;
bool ret = false;
BSON_UNUSED (ctx);
client = mongoc_client_session_get_client (session);
coll = mongoc_client_get_collection (client, "mydb1", "foo");
doc = BCON_NEW ("abc", BCON_INT32 (1));
ret = mongoc_collection_insert_one (coll, doc, NULL /* opts */, *reply, error);
if (!ret) {
goto fail;
}
bson_destroy (doc);
mongoc_collection_destroy (coll);
coll = mongoc_client_get_collection (client, "mydb2", "bar");
doc = BCON_NEW ("xyz", BCON_INT32 (999));
ret = mongoc_collection_insert_one (coll, doc, NULL /* opts */, *reply, error);
if (!ret) {
goto fail;
}
success = true;
fail:
mongoc_collection_destroy (coll);
bson_destroy (doc);
return success;
}

Important

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

// The mongocxx::instance constructor and destructor initialize and shut down the driver,
// respectively. Therefore, a mongocxx::instance must be created before using the driver and
// must remain alive for as long as the driver is in use.
mongocxx::instance inst{};
// For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the members in the URI
// string; e.g.
// uriString =
// 'mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:27017/?replicaSet=myRepl'
// For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
// uriString = 'mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017/'
mongocxx::client client{mongocxx::uri{"mongodb://localhost/?replicaSet=replset"}};
write_concern wc_majority{};
wc_majority.acknowledge_level(write_concern::level::k_majority);
read_concern rc_local{};
rc_local.acknowledge_level(read_concern::level::k_local);
read_preference rp_primary{};
rp_primary.mode(read_preference::read_mode::k_primary);
// Prereq: Create collections.
auto foo = client["mydb1"]["foo"];
auto bar = client["mydb2"]["bar"];
try {
options::insert opts;
opts.write_concern(wc_majority);
foo.insert_one(make_document(kvp("abc", 0)), opts);
bar.insert_one(make_document(kvp("xyz", 0)), opts);
} catch (const mongocxx::exception& e) {
std::cout << "An exception occurred while inserting: " << e.what() << std::endl;
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
// Step 1: Define the callback that specifies the sequence of operations to perform inside the
// transactions.
client_session::with_transaction_cb callback = [&](client_session* session) {
// Important:: You must pass the session to the operations.
foo.insert_one(*session, make_document(kvp("abc", 1)));
bar.insert_one(*session, make_document(kvp("xyz", 999)));
};
// Step 2: Start a client session
auto session = client.start_session();
// Step 3: Use with_transaction to start a transaction, execute the callback,
// and commit (or abort on error).
try {
options::transaction opts;
opts.write_concern(wc_majority);
opts.read_concern(rc_local);
opts.read_preference(rp_primary);
session.with_transaction(callback, opts);
} catch (const mongocxx::exception& e) {
std::cout << "An exception occurred: " << e.what() << std::endl;
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
return EXIT_SUCCESS;

Important

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

// For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the members in the URI string; e.g.
// string uri = "mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:27017/?replicaSet=myRepl";
// For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
// string uri = "mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017/";
var client = new MongoClient(connectionString);
// Prereq: Create collections.
var database1 = client.GetDatabase("mydb1");
var collection1 = database1.GetCollection<BsonDocument>("foo").WithWriteConcern(WriteConcern.WMajority);
collection1.InsertOne(new BsonDocument("abc", 0));
var database2 = client.GetDatabase("mydb2");
var collection2 = database2.GetCollection<BsonDocument>("bar").WithWriteConcern(WriteConcern.WMajority);
collection2.InsertOne(new BsonDocument("xyz", 0));
// Step 1: Start a client session.
using (var session = client.StartSession())
{
// Step 2: Optional. Define options to use for the transaction.
var transactionOptions = new TransactionOptions(
writeConcern: WriteConcern.WMajority);
// Step 3: Define the sequence of operations to perform inside the transactions
var cancellationToken = CancellationToken.None; // normally a real token would be used
result = session.WithTransaction(
(s, ct) =>
{
try
{
collection1.InsertOne(s, new BsonDocument("abc", 1), cancellationToken: ct);
collection2.InsertOne(s, new BsonDocument("xyz", 999), cancellationToken: ct);
}
catch (MongoWriteException)
{
// Do something in response to the exception
throw; // NOTE: You must rethrow the exception otherwise an infinite loop can occur.
}
return "Inserted into collections in different databases";
},
transactionOptions,
cancellationToken);
}

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

Important

// WithTransactionExample is an example of using the Session.WithTransaction function.
func WithTransactionExample(ctx context.Context) error {
// For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the members in the URI string; e.g.
// uri := "mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:27017/?replicaSet=myRepl"
// For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
// uri := "mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017/"
uri := mtest.ClusterURI()
clientOpts := options.Client().ApplyURI(uri)
client, err := mongo.Connect(clientOpts)
if err != nil {
return err
}
defer func() { _ = client.Disconnect(ctx) }()
// Prereq: Create collections.
wcMajority := writeconcern.Majority()
wcMajorityCollectionOpts := options.Collection().SetWriteConcern(wcMajority)
fooColl := client.Database("mydb1").Collection("foo", wcMajorityCollectionOpts)
barColl := client.Database("mydb1").Collection("bar", wcMajorityCollectionOpts)
// Step 1: Define the callback that specifies the sequence of operations to perform inside the transaction.
callback := func(sesctx context.Context) (interface{}, error) {
// Important: You must pass sesctx as the Context parameter to the operations for them to be executed in the
// transaction.
if _, err := fooColl.InsertOne(sesctx, bson.D{{"abc", 1}}); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
if _, err := barColl.InsertOne(sesctx, bson.D{{"xyz", 999}}); err != nil {
return nil, err
}
return nil, nil
}
// Step 2: Start a session and run the callback using WithTransaction.
session, err := client.StartSession()
if err != nil {
return err
}
defer session.EndSession(ctx)
result, err := session.WithTransaction(ctx, callback)
if err != nil {
return err
}
log.Printf("result: %v\n", result)
return nil
}

Important

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

/*
For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the members in the URI string; e.g.
String uri = "mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:27017/admin?replicaSet=myRepl";
For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
String uri = "mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017:27017/admin";
*/
final MongoClient client = MongoClients.create(uri);
/*
Create collections.
*/
client.getDatabase("mydb1").getCollection("foo")
.withWriteConcern(WriteConcern.MAJORITY).insertOne( new Document("abc", 0));
client.getDatabase("mydb2").getCollection("bar")
.withWriteConcern(WriteConcern.MAJORITY).insertOne( new Document("xyz", 0));
/* Step 1: Start a client session. */
final ClientSession clientSession = client.startSession();
/* Step 2: Optional. Define options to use for the transaction. */
TransactionOptions txnOptions = TransactionOptions.builder()
.readPreference(ReadPreference.primary())
.readConcern(ReadConcern.LOCAL)
.writeConcern(WriteConcern.MAJORITY)
.build();
/* Step 3: Define the sequence of operations to perform inside the transactions. */
TransactionBody txnBody = new TransactionBody<String>() {
public String execute() {
MongoCollection<Document> coll1 = client.getDatabase("mydb1").getCollection("foo");
MongoCollection<Document> coll2 = client.getDatabase("mydb2").getCollection("bar");
/*
Important:: You must pass the session to the operations..
*/
coll1.insertOne(clientSession, new Document("abc", 1));
coll2.insertOne(clientSession, new Document("xyz", 999));
return "Inserted into collections in different databases";
}
};
try {
/*
Step 4: Use .withTransaction() to start a transaction,
execute the callback, and commit (or abort on error).
*/
clientSession.withTransaction(txnBody, txnOptions);
} catch (RuntimeException e) {
// some error handling
} finally {
clientSession.close();
}

Important

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

# For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the members in the URI string; e.g.
# uriString = 'mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:27017/?replicaSet=myRepl'
# For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
# uriString = 'mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017/'
client = AsyncIOMotorClient(uriString)
wc_majority = WriteConcern("majority", wtimeout=1000)
# Prereq: Create collections.
await client.get_database("mydb1", write_concern=wc_majority).foo.insert_one({"abc": 0})
await client.get_database("mydb2", write_concern=wc_majority).bar.insert_one({"xyz": 0})
# Step 1: Define the callback that specifies the sequence of operations to perform inside the transactions.
async def callback(my_session):
collection_one = my_session.client.mydb1.foo
collection_two = my_session.client.mydb2.bar
# Important:: You must pass the session to the operations.
await collection_one.insert_one({"abc": 1}, session=my_session)
await collection_two.insert_one({"xyz": 999}, session=my_session)
# Step 2: Start a client session.
async with await client.start_session() as session:
# Step 3: Use with_transaction to start a transaction, execute the callback, and commit (or abort on error).
await session.with_transaction(
callback,
read_concern=ReadConcern("local"),
write_concern=wc_majority,
read_preference=ReadPreference.PRIMARY,
)

Important

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

// For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the members in the URI string; e.g.
// const uri = 'mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:27017/?replicaSet=myRepl'
// For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
// const uri = 'mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017/'
const client = new MongoClient(uri);
await client.connect();
// Prereq: Create collections.
await client
.db('mydb1')
.collection('foo')
.insertOne({ abc: 0 }, { writeConcern: { w: 'majority' } });
await client
.db('mydb2')
.collection('bar')
.insertOne({ xyz: 0 }, { writeConcern: { w: 'majority' } });
// Step 1: Start a Client Session
const session = client.startSession();
// Step 2: Optional. Define options to use for the transaction
const transactionOptions = {
readPreference: 'primary',
readConcern: { level: 'local' },
writeConcern: { w: 'majority' }
};
// Step 3: Use withTransaction to start a transaction, execute the callback, and commit (or abort on error)
// Note: The callback for withTransaction MUST be async and/or return a Promise.
try {
await session.withTransaction(async () => {
const coll1 = client.db('mydb1').collection('foo');
const coll2 = client.db('mydb2').collection('bar');
// Important:: You must pass the session to the operations
await coll1.insertOne({ abc: 1 }, { session });
await coll2.insertOne({ xyz: 999 }, { session });
}, transactionOptions);
} finally {
await session.endSession();
await client.close();
}

Note

For the Perl driver, see the Core API usage example instead.

Important

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

/*
* For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the members in the URI string; e.g.
* uriString = 'mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:27017/?replicaSet=myRepl'
* For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
* uriString = 'mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017/'
*/
$client = new \MongoDB\Client($uriString);
// Prerequisite: Create collections.
$client->selectCollection(
'mydb1',
'foo',
[
'writeConcern' => new \MongoDB\Driver\WriteConcern(\MongoDB\Driver\WriteConcern::MAJORITY, 1000),
],
)->insertOne(['abc' => 0]);
$client->selectCollection(
'mydb2',
'bar',
[
'writeConcern' => new \MongoDB\Driver\WriteConcern(\MongoDB\Driver\WriteConcern::MAJORITY, 1000),
],
)->insertOne(['xyz' => 0]);
// Step 1: Define the callback that specifies the sequence of operations to perform inside the transactions.
$callback = function (\MongoDB\Driver\Session $session) use ($client): void {
$client
->selectCollection('mydb1', 'foo')
->insertOne(['abc' => 1], ['session' => $session]);
$client
->selectCollection('mydb2', 'bar')
->insertOne(['xyz' => 999], ['session' => $session]);
};
// Step 2: Start a client session.
$session = $client->startSession();
// Step 3: Use with_transaction to start a transaction, execute the callback, and commit (or abort on error).
\MongoDB\with_transaction($session, $callback);

Important

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

# For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the members in the URI string; e.g.
# uriString = 'mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:27017/?replicaSet=myRepl'
# For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
# uriString = 'mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017/'
client = MongoClient(uriString)
wc_majority = WriteConcern("majority", wtimeout=1000)
# Prereq: Create collections.
client.get_database("mydb1", write_concern=wc_majority).foo.insert_one({"abc": 0})
client.get_database("mydb2", write_concern=wc_majority).bar.insert_one({"xyz": 0})
# Step 1: Define the callback that specifies the sequence of operations to perform inside the transactions.
def callback(session):
collection_one = session.client.mydb1.foo
collection_two = session.client.mydb2.bar
# Important:: You must pass the session to the operations.
collection_one.insert_one({"abc": 1}, session=session)
collection_two.insert_one({"xyz": 999}, session=session)
# Step 2: Start a client session.
with client.start_session() as session:
# Step 3: Use with_transaction to start a transaction, execute the callback, and commit (or abort on error).
session.with_transaction(
callback,
read_concern=ReadConcern("local"),
write_concern=wc_majority,
read_preference=ReadPreference.PRIMARY,
)

Important

The example uses the new callback API for working with transactions, which starts a transaction, executes the specified operations, and commits (or aborts on error). The new callback API incorporates retry logic for TransientTransactionError or UnknownTransactionCommitResult commit errors.

# For a replica set, include the replica set name and a seedlist of the members in the URI string; e.g.
# uriString = 'mongodb://mongodb0.example.com:27017,mongodb1.example.com:27017/?replicaSet=myRepl'
# For a sharded cluster, connect to the mongos instances; e.g.
# uri_string = 'mongodb://mongos0.example.com:27017,mongos1.example.com:27017/'
client = Mongo::Client.new(uri_string, write_concern: {w: :majority, wtimeout: 1000})
# Prereq: Create collections.
client.use('mydb1')['foo'].insert_one(abc: 0)
client.use('mydb2')['bar'].insert_one(xyz: 0)
# Step 1: Define the callback that specifies the sequence of operations to perform inside the transactions.
callback = Proc.new do |my_session|
collection_one = client.use('mydb1')['foo']
collection_two = client.use('mydb2')['bar']
# Important: You must pass the session to the operations.
collection_one.insert_one({'abc': 1}, session: my_session)
collection_two.insert_one({'xyz': 999}, session: my_session)
end
#. Step 2: Start a client session.
session = client.start_session
# Step 3: Use with_transaction to start a transaction, execute the callback, and commit (or abort on error).
session.with_transaction(
read_concern: {level: :local},
write_concern: {w: :majority, wtimeout: 1000},
read: {mode: :primary},
&callback)

Note

For the Scala driver, see the Core API usage example instead.

The core transaction API does not incorporate retry logic for errors labeled:


Use the Select your language drop-down menu in the upper-right to set the language of the examples on this page.


The following example incorporates logic to retry the transaction for transient errors and retry the commit for unknown commit error:

/* takes a session, an out-param for server reply, and out-param for error. */
typedef bool (*txn_func_t) (mongoc_client_session_t *, bson_t *, bson_error_t *);
/* runs transactions with retry logic */
bool
run_transaction_with_retry (txn_func_t txn_func, mongoc_client_session_t *cs, bson_error_t *error)
{
bson_t reply;
bool r;
while (true) {
/* perform transaction */
r = txn_func (cs, &reply, error);
if (r) {
/* success */
bson_destroy (&reply);
return true;
}
MONGOC_WARNING ("Transaction aborted: %s", error->message);
if (mongoc_error_has_label (&reply, "TransientTransactionError")) {
/* on transient error, retry the whole transaction */
MONGOC_WARNING ("TransientTransactionError, retrying transaction...");
bson_destroy (&reply);
} else {
/* non-transient error */
break;
}
}
bson_destroy (&reply);
return false;
}
/* commit transactions with retry logic */
bool
commit_with_retry (mongoc_client_session_t *cs, bson_error_t *error)
{
bson_t reply;
bool r;
while (true) {
/* commit uses write concern set at transaction start, see
* mongoc_transaction_opts_set_write_concern */
r = mongoc_client_session_commit_transaction (cs, &reply, error);
if (r) {
MONGOC_INFO ("Transaction committed");
break;
}
if (mongoc_error_has_label (&reply, "UnknownTransactionCommitResult")) {
MONGOC_WARNING ("UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit ...");
bson_destroy (&reply);
} else {
/* commit failed, cannot retry */
break;
}
}
bson_destroy (&reply);
return r;
}
/* updates two collections in a transaction and calls commit_with_retry */
bool
update_employee_info (mongoc_client_session_t *cs, bson_t *reply, bson_error_t *error)
{
mongoc_client_t *client;
mongoc_collection_t *employees;
mongoc_collection_t *events;
mongoc_read_concern_t *rc;
mongoc_write_concern_t *wc;
mongoc_transaction_opt_t *txn_opts;
bson_t opts = BSON_INITIALIZER;
bson_t *filter = NULL;
bson_t *update = NULL;
bson_t *event = NULL;
bool r;
bson_init (reply);
client = mongoc_client_session_get_client (cs);
employees = mongoc_client_get_collection (client, "hr", "employees");
events = mongoc_client_get_collection (client, "reporting", "events");
rc = mongoc_read_concern_new ();
mongoc_read_concern_set_level (rc, MONGOC_READ_CONCERN_LEVEL_SNAPSHOT);
wc = mongoc_write_concern_new ();
mongoc_write_concern_set_w (
wc, MONGOC_WRITE_CONCERN_W_MAJORITY); /* Atlas connection strings include majority by default*/
txn_opts = mongoc_transaction_opts_new ();
mongoc_transaction_opts_set_read_concern (txn_opts, rc);
mongoc_transaction_opts_set_write_concern (txn_opts, wc);
r = mongoc_client_session_start_transaction (cs, txn_opts, error);
if (!r) {
goto done;
}
r = mongoc_client_session_append (cs, &opts, error);
if (!r) {
goto done;
}
filter = BCON_NEW ("employee", BCON_INT32 (3));
update = BCON_NEW ("$set", "{", "status", "Inactive", "}");
/* mongoc_collection_update_one will reinitialize reply */
bson_destroy (reply);
r = mongoc_collection_update_one (employees, filter, update, &opts, reply, error);
if (!r) {
goto abort;
}
event = BCON_NEW ("employee", BCON_INT32 (3));
BCON_APPEND (event, "status", "{", "new", "Inactive", "old", "Active", "}");
bson_destroy (reply);
r = mongoc_collection_insert_one (events, event, &opts, reply, error);
if (!r) {
goto abort;
}
r = commit_with_retry (cs, error);
abort:
if (!r) {
MONGOC_ERROR ("Aborting due to error in transaction: %s", error->message);
mongoc_client_session_abort_transaction (cs, NULL);
}
done:
mongoc_collection_destroy (employees);
mongoc_collection_destroy (events);
mongoc_read_concern_destroy (rc);
mongoc_write_concern_destroy (wc);
mongoc_transaction_opts_destroy (txn_opts);
bson_destroy (&opts);
bson_destroy (filter);
bson_destroy (update);
bson_destroy (event);
return r;
}
void
example_func (mongoc_client_t *client)
{
mongoc_client_session_t *cs;
bson_error_t error;
bool r;
ASSERT (client);
cs = mongoc_client_start_session (client, NULL, &error);
if (!cs) {
MONGOC_ERROR ("Could not start session: %s", error.message);
return;
}
r = run_transaction_with_retry (update_employee_info, cs, &error);
if (!r) {
MONGOC_ERROR ("Could not update employee, permanent error: %s", error.message);
}
mongoc_client_session_destroy (cs);
}
using transaction_func = std::function<void(client_session & session)>;
auto run_transaction_with_retry = [](transaction_func txn_func, client_session& session) {
while (true) {
try {
txn_func(session); // performs transaction.
break;
} catch (const operation_exception& oe) {
std::cout << "Transaction aborted. Caught exception during transaction."
<< std::endl;
// If transient error, retry the whole transaction.
if (oe.has_error_label("TransientTransactionError")) {
std::cout << "TransientTransactionError, retrying transaction ..."
<< std::endl;
continue;
} else {
throw oe;
}
}
}
};
auto commit_with_retry = [](client_session& session) {
while (true) {
try {
session.commit_transaction(); // Uses write concern set at transaction start.
std::cout << "Transaction committed." << std::endl;
break;
} catch (const operation_exception& oe) {
// Can retry commit
if (oe.has_error_label("UnknownTransactionCommitResult")) {
std::cout << "UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation ..."
<< std::endl;
continue;
} else {
std::cout << "Error during commit ..." << std::endl;
throw oe;
}
}
}
};
// Updates two collections in a transaction
auto update_employee_info = [&](client_session& session) {
auto& client = session.client();
auto employees = client["hr"]["employees"];
auto events = client["reporting"]["events"];
options::transaction txn_opts;
read_concern rc;
rc.acknowledge_level(read_concern::level::k_snapshot);
txn_opts.read_concern(rc);
write_concern wc;
wc.acknowledge_level(write_concern::level::k_majority);
txn_opts.write_concern(wc);
session.start_transaction(txn_opts);
try {
employees.update_one(
make_document(kvp("employee", 3)),
make_document(kvp("$set", make_document(kvp("status", "Inactive")))));
events.insert_one(make_document(
kvp("employee", 3),
kvp("status", make_document(kvp("new", "Inactive"), kvp("old", "Active")))));
} catch (const operation_exception& oe) {
std::cout << "Caught exception during transaction, aborting." << std::endl;
session.abort_transaction();
throw oe;
}
commit_with_retry(session);
};
auto session = client.start_session();
try {
run_transaction_with_retry(update_employee_info, session);
} catch (const operation_exception& oe) {
// Do something with error.
throw oe;
}
public void RunTransactionWithRetry(Action<IMongoClient, IClientSessionHandle> txnFunc, IMongoClient client, IClientSessionHandle session)
{
while (true)
{
try
{
txnFunc(client, session); // performs transaction
break;
}
catch (MongoException exception)
{
// if transient error, retry the whole transaction
if (exception.HasErrorLabel("TransientTransactionError"))
{
Console.WriteLine("TransientTransactionError, retrying transaction.");
continue;
}
else
{
throw;
}
}
}
}
public void CommitWithRetry(IClientSessionHandle session)
{
while (true)
{
try
{
session.CommitTransaction();
Console.WriteLine("Transaction committed.");
break;
}
catch (MongoException exception)
{
// can retry commit
if (exception.HasErrorLabel("UnknownTransactionCommitResult"))
{
Console.WriteLine("UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation");
continue;
}
else
{
Console.WriteLine($"Error during commit: {exception.Message}.");
throw;
}
}
}
}
// updates two collections in a transaction
public void UpdateEmployeeInfo(IMongoClient client, IClientSessionHandle session)
{
var employeesCollection = client.GetDatabase("hr").GetCollection<BsonDocument>("employees");
var eventsCollection = client.GetDatabase("reporting").GetCollection<BsonDocument>("events");
session.StartTransaction(new TransactionOptions(
readConcern: ReadConcern.Snapshot,
writeConcern: WriteConcern.WMajority));
try
{
employeesCollection.UpdateOne(
session,
Builders<BsonDocument>.Filter.Eq("employee", 3),
Builders<BsonDocument>.Update.Set("status", "Inactive"));
eventsCollection.InsertOne(
session,
new BsonDocument
{
{ "employee", 3 },
{ "status", new BsonDocument { { "new", "Inactive" }, { "old", "Active" } } }
});
}
catch (Exception exception)
{
Console.WriteLine($"Caught exception during transaction, aborting: {exception.Message}.");
session.AbortTransaction();
throw;
}
CommitWithRetry(session);
}
public void UpdateEmployeeInfoWithTransactionRetry(IMongoClient client)
{
// start a session
using (var session = client.StartSession())
{
try
{
RunTransactionWithRetry(UpdateEmployeeInfo, client, session);
}
catch (Exception exception)
{
// do something with error
Console.WriteLine($"Non transient exception caught during transaction: ${exception.Message}.");
}
}
}
runTransactionWithRetry := func(ctx context.Context, txnFn func(context.Context) error) error {
for {
err := txnFn(ctx) // Performs transaction.
if err == nil {
return nil
}
log.Println("Transaction aborted. Caught exception during transaction.")
// If transient error, retry the whole transaction
if cmdErr, ok := err.(mongo.CommandError); ok && cmdErr.HasErrorLabel("TransientTransactionError") {
log.Println("TransientTransactionError, retrying transaction...")
continue
}
return err
}
}
commitWithRetry := func(ctx context.Context) error {
sess := mongo.SessionFromContext(ctx)
for {
err := sess.CommitTransaction(ctx)
switch e := err.(type) {
case nil:
log.Println("Transaction committed.")
return nil
case mongo.CommandError:
// Can retry commit
if e.HasErrorLabel("UnknownTransactionCommitResult") {
log.Println("UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation...")
continue
}
log.Println("Error during commit...")
return e
default:
log.Println("Error during commit...")
return e
}
}
}
// Updates two collections in a transaction.
updateEmployeeInfo := func(ctx context.Context) error {
employees := client.Database("hr").Collection("employees")
events := client.Database("reporting").Collection("events")
sess := mongo.SessionFromContext(ctx)
err := sess.StartTransaction(options.Transaction().
SetReadConcern(readconcern.Snapshot()).
SetWriteConcern(writeconcern.Majority()),
)
if err != nil {
return err
}
_, err = employees.UpdateOne(ctx, bson.D{{"employee", 3}}, bson.D{{"$set", bson.D{{"status", "Inactive"}}}})
if err != nil {
sess.AbortTransaction(ctx)
log.Println("caught exception during transaction, aborting.")
return err
}
_, err = events.InsertOne(ctx, bson.D{{"employee", 3}, {"status", bson.D{{"new", "Inactive"}, {"old", "Active"}}}})
if err != nil {
sess.AbortTransaction(ctx)
log.Println("caught exception during transaction, aborting.")
return err
}
return commitWithRetry(ctx)
}
return client.UseSessionWithOptions(
ctx, options.Session().SetDefaultReadPreference(readpref.Primary()),
func(ctx context.Context) error {
return runTransactionWithRetry(ctx, updateEmployeeInfo)
},
)
}

Important

To associate read and write operations with a transaction, you must pass the session to each operation in the transaction.

void runTransactionWithRetry(Runnable transactional) {
while (true) {
try {
transactional.run();
break;
} catch (MongoException e) {
System.out.println("Transaction aborted. Caught exception during transaction.");
if (e.hasErrorLabel(MongoException.TRANSIENT_TRANSACTION_ERROR_LABEL)) {
System.out.println("TransientTransactionError, aborting transaction and retrying ...");
continue;
} else {
throw e;
}
}
}
}
void commitWithRetry(ClientSession clientSession) {
while (true) {
try {
clientSession.commitTransaction();
System.out.println("Transaction committed");
break;
} catch (MongoException e) {
// can retry commit
if (e.hasErrorLabel(MongoException.UNKNOWN_TRANSACTION_COMMIT_RESULT_LABEL)) {
System.out.println("UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation ...");
continue;
} else {
System.out.println("Exception during commit ...");
throw e;
}
}
}
}
void updateEmployeeInfo() {
MongoCollection<Document> employeesCollection = client.getDatabase("hr").getCollection("employees");
MongoCollection<Document> eventsCollection = client.getDatabase("reporting").getCollection("events");
TransactionOptions txnOptions = TransactionOptions.builder()
.readPreference(ReadPreference.primary())
.readConcern(ReadConcern.MAJORITY)
.writeConcern(WriteConcern.MAJORITY)
.build();
try (ClientSession clientSession = client.startSession()) {
clientSession.startTransaction(txnOptions);
employeesCollection.updateOne(clientSession,
Filters.eq("employee", 3),
Updates.set("status", "Inactive"));
eventsCollection.insertOne(clientSession,
new Document("employee", 3).append("status", new Document("new", "Inactive").append("old", "Active")));
commitWithRetry(clientSession);
}
}
void updateEmployeeInfoWithRetry() {
runTransactionWithRetry(this::updateEmployeeInfo);
}

Note

For Motor, see the Callback API instead.

Important

To associate read and write operations with a transaction, you must pass the session to each operation in the transaction.

async function commitWithRetry(session) {
try {
await session.commitTransaction();
console.log('Transaction committed.');
} catch (error) {
if (error.hasErrorLabel('UnknownTransactionCommitResult')) {
console.log('UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation ...');
await commitWithRetry(session);
} else {
console.log('Error during commit ...');
throw error;
}
}
}
async function runTransactionWithRetry(txnFunc, client, session) {
try {
await txnFunc(client, session);
} catch (error) {
console.log('Transaction aborted. Caught exception during transaction.');
// If transient error, retry the whole transaction
if (error.hasErrorLabel('TransientTransactionError')) {
console.log('TransientTransactionError, retrying transaction ...');
await runTransactionWithRetry(txnFunc, client, session);
} else {
throw error;
}
}
}
async function updateEmployeeInfo(client, session) {
session.startTransaction({
readConcern: { level: 'snapshot' },
writeConcern: { w: 'majority' },
readPreference: 'primary'
});
const employeesCollection = client.db('hr').collection('employees');
const eventsCollection = client.db('reporting').collection('events');
await employeesCollection.updateOne(
{ employee: 3 },
{ $set: { status: 'Inactive' } },
{ session }
);
await eventsCollection.insertOne(
{
employee: 3,
status: { new: 'Inactive', old: 'Active' }
},
{ session }
);
try {
await commitWithRetry(session);
} catch (error) {
await session.abortTransaction();
throw error;
}
}
return client.withSession(session =>
runTransactionWithRetry(updateEmployeeInfo, client, session)
);

Important

To associate read and write operations with a transaction, you must pass the session to each operation in the transaction.

sub runTransactionWithRetry {
my ( $txnFunc, $session ) = @_;
LOOP: {
eval {
$txnFunc->($session); # performs transaction
};
if ( my $error = $@ ) {
print("Transaction aborted-> Caught exception during transaction.\n");
# If transient error, retry the whole transaction
if ( $error->has_error_label("TransientTransactionError") ) {
print("TransientTransactionError, retrying transaction ->..\n");
redo LOOP;
}
else {
die $error;
}
}
}
return;
}
sub commitWithRetry {
my ($session) = @_;
LOOP: {
eval {
$session->commit_transaction(); # Uses write concern set at transaction start.
print("Transaction committed->\n");
};
if ( my $error = $@ ) {
# Can retry commit
if ( $error->has_error_label("UnknownTransactionCommitResult") ) {
print("UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation ->..\n");
redo LOOP;
}
else {
print("Error during commit ->..\n");
die $error;
}
}
}
return;
}
# Updates two collections in a transactions
sub updateEmployeeInfo {
my ($session) = @_;
my $employeesCollection = $session->client->ns("hr.employees");
my $eventsCollection = $session->client->ns("reporting.events");
$session->start_transaction(
{
readConcern => { level => "snapshot" },
writeConcern => { w => "majority" },
readPreference => 'primary',
}
);
eval {
$employeesCollection->update_one(
{ employee => 3 }, { '$set' => { status => "Inactive" } },
{ session => $session},
);
$eventsCollection->insert_one(
{ employee => 3, status => { new => "Inactive", old => "Active" } },
{ session => $session},
);
};
if ( my $error = $@ ) {
print("Caught exception during transaction, aborting->\n");
$session->abort_transaction();
die $error;
}
commitWithRetry($session);
}
# Start a session
my $session = $client->start_session();
eval {
runTransactionWithRetry(\&updateEmployeeInfo, $session);
};
if ( my $error = $@ ) {
# Do something with error
}
$session->end_session();

Important

To associate read and write operations with a transaction, you must pass the session to each operation in the transaction.

private function runTransactionWithRetry3(callable $txnFunc, \MongoDB\Client $client, \MongoDB\Driver\Session $session): void
{
while (true) {
try {
$txnFunc($client, $session); // performs transaction
break;
} catch (\MongoDB\Driver\Exception\CommandException $error) {
$resultDoc = $error->getResultDocument();
// If transient error, retry the whole transaction
if (isset($resultDoc->errorLabels) && in_array('TransientTransactionError', $resultDoc->errorLabels)) {
continue;
} else {
throw $error;
}
} catch (\MongoDB\Driver\Exception\Exception $error) {
throw $error;
}
}
}
private function commitWithRetry3(\MongoDB\Driver\Session $session): void
{
while (true) {
try {
$session->commitTransaction();
echo "Transaction committed.\n";
break;
} catch (\MongoDB\Driver\Exception\CommandException $error) {
$resultDoc = $error->getResultDocument();
if (isset($resultDoc->errorLabels) && in_array('UnknownTransactionCommitResult', $resultDoc->errorLabels)) {
echo "UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation ...\n";
continue;
} else {
echo "Error during commit ...\n";
throw $error;
}
} catch (\MongoDB\Driver\Exception\Exception $error) {
echo "Error during commit ...\n";
throw $error;
}
}
}
private function updateEmployeeInfo3(\MongoDB\Client $client, \MongoDB\Driver\Session $session): void
{
$session->startTransaction([
'readConcern' => new \MongoDB\Driver\ReadConcern('snapshot'),
'readPrefernece' => new \MongoDB\Driver\ReadPreference(\MongoDB\Driver\ReadPreference::PRIMARY),
'writeConcern' => new \MongoDB\Driver\WriteConcern(\MongoDB\Driver\WriteConcern::MAJORITY),
]);
try {
$client->hr->employees->updateOne(
['employee' => 3],
['$set' => ['status' => 'Inactive']],
['session' => $session],
);
$client->reporting->events->insertOne(
['employee' => 3, 'status' => ['new' => 'Inactive', 'old' => 'Active']],
['session' => $session],
);
} catch (\MongoDB\Driver\Exception\Exception $error) {
echo "Caught exception during transaction, aborting.\n";
$session->abortTransaction();
throw $error;
}
$this->commitWithRetry3($session);
}
private function doUpdateEmployeeInfo(\MongoDB\Client $client): void
{
// Start a session.
$session = $client->startSession();
try {
$this->runTransactionWithRetry3([$this, 'updateEmployeeInfo3'], $client, $session);
} catch (\MongoDB\Driver\Exception\Exception $error) {
// Do something with error
}
}

Important

To associate read and write operations with a transaction, you must pass the session to each operation in the transaction.

def run_transaction_with_retry(txn_func, session):
while True:
try:
txn_func(session) # performs transaction
break
except (ConnectionFailure, OperationFailure) as exc:
# If transient error, retry the whole transaction
if exc.has_error_label("TransientTransactionError"):
print("TransientTransactionError, retrying transaction ...")
continue
else:
raise
def commit_with_retry(session):
while True:
try:
# Commit uses write concern set at transaction start.
session.commit_transaction()
print("Transaction committed.")
break
except (ConnectionFailure, OperationFailure) as exc:
# Can retry commit
if exc.has_error_label("UnknownTransactionCommitResult"):
print("UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation ...")
continue
else:
print("Error during commit ...")
raise
# Updates two collections in a transactions
def update_employee_info(session):
employees_coll = session.client.hr.employees
events_coll = session.client.reporting.events
with session.start_transaction(
read_concern=ReadConcern("snapshot"),
write_concern=WriteConcern(w="majority"),
read_preference=ReadPreference.PRIMARY,
):
employees_coll.update_one(
{"employee": 3}, {"$set": {"status": "Inactive"}}, session=session
)
events_coll.insert_one(
{"employee": 3, "status": {"new": "Inactive", "old": "Active"}}, session=session
)
commit_with_retry(session)
# Start a session.
with client.start_session() as session:
try:
run_transaction_with_retry(update_employee_info, session)
except Exception:
# Do something with error.
raise

Important

To associate read and write operations with a transaction, you must pass the session to each operation in the transaction.

def run_transaction_with_retry(session)
begin
yield session # performs transaction
rescue Mongo::Error => e
puts 'Transaction aborted. Caught exception during transaction.'
raise unless e.label?('TransientTransactionError')
puts "TransientTransactionError, retrying transaction ..."
retry
end
end
def commit_with_retry(session)
begin
session.commit_transaction
puts 'Transaction committed.'
rescue Mongo::Error => e
if e.label?('UnknownTransactionCommitResult')
puts "UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation ..."
retry
else
puts 'Error during commit ...'
raise
end
end
end
# updates two collections in a transaction
def update_employee_info(session)
employees_coll = session.client.use(:hr)[:employees]
events_coll = session.client.use(:reporting)[:events]
session.start_transaction(read_concern: { level: :snapshot },
write_concern: { w: :majority },
read: {mode: :primary})
employees_coll.update_one({ employee: 3 }, { '$set' => { status: 'Inactive'} },
session: session)
events_coll.insert_one({ employee: 3, status: { new: 'Inactive', old: 'Active' } },
session: session)
commit_with_retry(session)
end
session = client.start_session
begin
run_transaction_with_retry(session) do
update_employee_info(session)
end
rescue StandardError => e
# Do something with error
raise
end

Important

To associate read and write operations with a transaction, you must pass the session to each operation in the transaction.

/*
* Copyright 2008-present MongoDB, Inc.
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
* http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/
package org.mongodb.scala
import org.mongodb.scala.model.{Filters, Updates}
import org.mongodb.scala.result.UpdateResult
import scala.concurrent.Await
import scala.concurrent.duration.Duration
//scalastyle:off magic.number
class DocumentationTransactionsExampleSpec extends RequiresMongoDBISpec {
// Implicit functions that execute the Observable and return the results
val waitDuration = Duration(5, "seconds")
implicit class ObservableExecutor[T](observable: Observable[T]) {
def execute(): Seq[T] = Await.result(observable.toFuture(), waitDuration)
}
implicit class SingleObservableExecutor[T](observable: SingleObservable[T]) {
def execute(): T = Await.result(observable.toFuture(), waitDuration)
}
// end implicit functions
"The Scala driver" should "be able to commit a transaction" in withClient { client =>
assume(serverVersionAtLeast(List(4, 0, 0)) && !hasSingleHost())
client.getDatabase("hr").drop().execute()
client.getDatabase("hr").createCollection("employees").execute()
client.getDatabase("hr").createCollection("events").execute()
updateEmployeeInfoWithRetry(client).execute() should equal(Completed())
client.getDatabase("hr").drop().execute() should equal(Completed())
}
def updateEmployeeInfo(database: MongoDatabase, observable: SingleObservable[ClientSession]): SingleObservable[ClientSession] = {
observable.map(clientSession => {
val employeesCollection = database.getCollection("employees")
val eventsCollection = database.getCollection("events")
val transactionOptions = TransactionOptions.builder()
.readPreference(ReadPreference.primary())
.readConcern(ReadConcern.SNAPSHOT)
.writeConcern(WriteConcern.MAJORITY)
.build()
clientSession.startTransaction(transactionOptions)
employeesCollection.updateOne(clientSession, Filters.eq("employee", 3), Updates.set("status", "Inactive"))
.subscribe((res: UpdateResult) => println(res))
eventsCollection.insertOne(clientSession, Document("employee" -> 3, "status" -> Document("new" -> "Inactive", "old" -> "Active")))
.subscribe((res: Completed) => println(res))
clientSession
})
}
def commitAndRetry(observable: SingleObservable[Completed]): SingleObservable[Completed] = {
observable.recoverWith({
case e: MongoException if e.hasErrorLabel(MongoException.UNKNOWN_TRANSACTION_COMMIT_RESULT_LABEL) => {
println("UnknownTransactionCommitResult, retrying commit operation ...")
commitAndRetry(observable)
}
case e: Exception => {
println(s"Exception during commit ...: $e")
throw e
}
})
}
def runTransactionAndRetry(observable: SingleObservable[Completed]): SingleObservable[Completed] = {
observable.recoverWith({
case e: MongoException if e.hasErrorLabel(MongoException.TRANSIENT_TRANSACTION_ERROR_LABEL) => {
println("TransientTransactionError, aborting transaction and retrying ...")
runTransactionAndRetry(observable)
}
})
}
def updateEmployeeInfoWithRetry(client: MongoClient): SingleObservable[Completed] = {
val database = client.getDatabase("hr")
val updateEmployeeInfoObservable: Observable[ClientSession] = updateEmployeeInfo(database, client.startSession())
val commitTransactionObservable: SingleObservable[Completed] =
updateEmployeeInfoObservable.flatMap(clientSession => clientSession.commitTransaction())
val commitAndRetryObservable: SingleObservable[Completed] = commitAndRetry(commitTransactionObservable)
runTransactionAndRetry(commitAndRetryObservable)
}
}

Regardless of the database system, whether MongoDB or relational databases, applications should take measures to handle errors during transaction commits and incorporate retry logic for transactions.

The individual write operations inside the transaction are not retryable, regardless of the value of retryWrites. If an operation encounters an error associated with the label "TransientTransactionError", such as when the primary steps down, the transaction as a whole can be retried.

  • The callback API incorporates retry logic for "TransientTransactionError".

  • The core transaction API does not incorporate retry logic for "TransientTransactionError". To handle "TransientTransactionError", applications should explicitly incorporate retry logic for the error. To view an example that incorporates retry logic for transient errors, see Core API Example.

Commit operations are retryable write operations. If the commit operation encounters an error, MongoDB drivers retry the commit regardless of the value of retryWrites.

If the commit operation encounters an error labeled "UnknownTransactionCommitResult", the commit can be retried.

  • The callback API incorporates retry logic for "UnknownTransactionCommitResult".

  • The core transaction API does not incorporate retry logic for "UnknownTransactionCommitResult". To handle "UnknownTransactionCommitResult", applications should explicitly incorporate retry logic for the error. To view an example that incorporates retry logic for unknown commit errors, see Core API Example.

New in version 6.2.

Starting in MongoDB 6.2, the server does not retry the transaction if it receives a TransactionTooLargeForCache error. This error means the cache is too small and a retry is likely to fail.

The default value for the transactionTooLargeForCacheThreshold threshold is 0.75. The server returns TransactionTooLargeForCache instead of retrying the transaction when the transaction uses more than 75% of the cache.

In earlier versions of MongoDB, the server returns TemporarilyUnavailable or WriteConflict instead of TransactionTooLargeForCache.

Use the setParameter command to modify the error threshold.

The following mongosh methods are available for transactions:

Note

The mongosh example omits retry logic and robust error handling for simplicity's sake. For a more practical example of incorporating transactions in applications, see Transaction Error Handling instead.

// Create collections:
db.getSiblingDB("mydb1").foo.insertOne(
{abc: 0},
{ writeConcern: { w: "majority", wtimeout: 2000 } }
)
db.getSiblingDB("mydb2").bar.insertOne(
{xyz: 0},
{ writeConcern: { w: "majority", wtimeout: 2000 } }
)
// Start a session.
session = db.getMongo().startSession( { readPreference: { mode: "primary" } } );
coll1 = session.getDatabase("mydb1").foo;
coll2 = session.getDatabase("mydb2").bar;
// Start a transaction
session.startTransaction( { readConcern: { level: "local" }, writeConcern: { w: "majority" } } );
// Operations inside the transaction
try {
coll1.insertOne( { abc: 1 } );
coll2.insertOne( { xyz: 999 } );
} catch (error) {
// Abort transaction on error
session.abortTransaction();
throw error;
}
// Commit the transaction using write concern set at transaction start
session.commitTransaction();
session.endSession();

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Transactions

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Production Considerations