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replSetStepDown

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  • Description
  • Compatibility
  • Syntax
  • Command Fields
  • Behavior
  • Examples
replSetStepDown

Instructs the primary of the replica set to become a secondary. After the primary steps down, eligible secondaries will hold an election for primary.

The command does not immediately step down the primary. If no electable secondaries are up to date with the primary, the primary waits up to secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs (by default 10 seconds) for a secondary to catch up. Once an electable secondary is available, the command steps down the primary.

Once stepped down, the original primary becomes a secondary and is ineligible from becoming primary again for the remainder of time specified by replSetStepDown: <seconds>.

For a detailed explanation of the command 's execution, see Behavior.

Note

The command is only valid against the primary and throws an error if run on a non-primary member.

Tip

In mongosh, this command can also be run through the rs.stepDown() helper method.

Helper methods are convenient for mongosh users, but they may not return the same level of information as database commands. In cases where the convenience is not needed or the additional return fields are required, use the database command.

The replSetStepDown can only run on the admin database.

This command is available in deployments hosted in the following environments:

  • MongoDB Atlas: The fully managed service for MongoDB deployments in the cloud

Note

This command is unsupported in M0, M2, M5, and M10 clusters. For more information, see Unsupported Commands.

The command has the following syntax:

db.adminCommand(
{
replSetStepDown: <seconds>,
secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs: <seconds>,
force: <true|false>
}
)

The command takes the following fields:

Field
Type
Description
replSetStepDown
number

The number of seconds to step down the primary, during which time the stepdown member is ineligible for becoming primary. If you specify a non-numeric value, the command uses 60 seconds.

The stepdown period starts from the time that the mongod receives the command. The stepdown period must be greater than the secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs.

secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs
number

Optional. The number of seconds that the mongod will wait for an electable secondary to catch up to the primary.

When specified, secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs overrides the default wait time of either 10 seconds or if force: true, 0 seconds.

force
boolean

Optional. A boolean that determines whether the primary steps down if no electable and up-to-date secondary exists within the wait period.

If true, the primary steps down even if no suitable secondary member exists; this could lead to rollbacks if a secondary with replication lag becomes the new primary.

If false, the primary does not step down if no suitable secondary member exists and the command returns an error.

Defaults to false.

The replSetStepDown command attempts to terminate long running user operations that block the primary from stepping down, such as an index build, a write operation or a map-reduce job.

The command then initiates a catchup period where it waits up to secondaryCatchUpPeriodSeconds, by default 10 seconds, for a secondary to become up-to-date with the primary. The primary only steps down if a secondary is up-to-date with the primary during the catchup period to prevent rollbacks.

If no electable secondary meets this criterion by the end of the waiting period, the primary does not step down and the command errors. You can override this behavior and issue with command with the force: true option to immediately step down the primary.

Once the primary steps down successfully, that node cannot become the primary for the remainder of the replSetStepDown: <seconds> period, which began when the node received the command.

replSetStepDown command doesn't close all client connections.

Note

All writes to the primary fail during the period starting when the replSetStepDown command is received until either a new primary is elected, or if there are no electable secondaries, the original primary resumes normal operation.

Writes that were in progress when replSetStepDown is run are killed. In-progress transactions also fail with TransientTransactionError and can be retried as a whole.

The time period where writes fail is at maximum:

secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs (10s by default) + electionTimeoutMillis (10s by default).

When you step down a primary using rs.stepDown() or replSetStepDown without setting the force field to true, the stepped-down primary nominates an eligible secondary to call an election immediately.

The following example, run on the current primary, attempts to step down the member for 120 seconds.

The operation waits up to the default 10 seconds for a secondary to catch up. If no suitable secondary exists, the primary does not step down and the command errors.

Note

All writes to the primary fail during the period starting when the replSetStepDown command is received until either a new primary is elected, or if there are no electable secondaries, the original primary resumes normal operation.

Writes that were in progress when replSetStepDown is run are killed. In-progress transactions also fail with TransientTransactionError and can be retried as a whole.

The time period where writes fail is at maximum:

secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs (10s by default) + electionTimeoutMillis (10s by default).

db.adminCommand( { replSetStepDown: 120 } )

The following example, run on the current primary, attempts to step down the member for 120 seconds, waiting up to 15 seconds for an electable secondary to catch up. If no suitable secondary exists, the primary does not step down and the command errors.

Note

All writes to the primary fail during the period starting when the replSetStepDown command is received until either a new primary is elected, or if there are no electable secondaries, the original primary resumes normal operation.

Writes that were in progress when replSetStepDown is run are killed. In-progress transactions also fail with TransientTransactionError and can be retried as a whole.

The time period where writes fail is at maximum:

secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs (10s by default) + electionTimeoutMillis (10s by default).

db.adminCommand( { replSetStepDown: 120, secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs: 15 } )

The following example, run on the current primary, attempts to step down the member for 120 seconds, waiting up to 15 seconds for an electable secondary to catch up. Because of the force: true option, the primary steps down even if no suitable secondary exists.

Note

All writes to the primary fail during the period starting when the replSetStepDown command is received until either a new primary is elected, or if there are no electable secondaries, the original primary resumes normal operation.

Writes that were in progress when replSetStepDown is run are killed. In-progress transactions also fail with TransientTransactionError and can be retried as a whole.

The time period where writes fail is at maximum:

secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs (10s by default) + electionTimeoutMillis (10s by default).

db.adminCommand( { replSetStepDown: 120, secondaryCatchUpPeriodSecs: 15, force: true } )

Tip

See also:

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