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Use Automatic Client-Side Field Level Encryption with Azure

On this page

  • Overview
  • Before You Get Started
  • Set Up the KMS
  • Register your Application with Azure
  • Create the Customer Master Key
  • Create the Application
  • Create a Unique Index on your Key Vault collection
  • Create a New Data Encryption Key
  • Configure the MongoClient
  • Insert a Document with Encrypted Fields
  • Retrieve Your Document with Encrypted Fields
  • Learn More

This guide shows you how to build a Client-Side Field Level Encryption (CSFLE)-enabled application using Azure Key Vault.

After you complete the steps in this guide, you should have:

  • A Customer Master Key hosted on an Azure Key Vault instance.

  • A working client application that inserts documents with encrypted fields using your Customer Master Key.

To complete and run the code in this guide, you need to set up your development environment as shown in the Installation Requirements page.

Throughout this guide, code examples use placeholder text. Before you run the examples, substitute your own values for these placeholders.

For example:

dek_id := "<Your Base64 DEK ID>"

You would replace everything between quotes with your DEK ID.

dek_id := "abc123"

Select the programming language for which you want to see code examples for from the Select your language dropdown menu on the right side of the page.

Tip

See: Full Application

To view the complete runnable application code for this tutorial, go to the following link:

Complete C# Application

// You are viewing the C# driver code examples.
// Use the dropdown menu to select a different driver.
// You are viewing the Golang driver code examples.
// Use the dropdown menu to select a different driver.

Important

When building or running the Golang code in this guide using go build or go run, always include the cse build constraint to enable CSFLE. See the following shell command for an example of including the build constraint:

go run -tags cse insert-encrypted-document.go
// You are viewing the Java synchronous driver code examples.
// Use the dropdown menu to select a different driver.
// You are viewing the Node.js driver code examples.
// Use the dropdown menu to select a different driver.
# You are viewing the Python driver code examples.
# Use the dropdown menu to select a different driver.
1
1
2

To register an application on Azure Active Directory, follow Microsoft's official Register an application with the Microsoft identity platform Quick Start.

Important

Record your Credentials

Ensure you record the following credentials:

  • Tenant ID

  • Client ID

  • Client secret

You will need them to construct your kmsProviders object later in this tutorial.

Important

Record your Credentials

Ensure you record the following credentials:

  • Tenant ID

  • Client ID

  • Client secret

You will need them to construct your kmsProviders object later in this tutorial.

Important

Record your Credentials

Ensure you record the following credentials:

  • tenant id

  • client id

  • client secret

Unless you are running your client within an Azure Virtual Machine, you will need these credentials to construct your kmsProviders object later in this tutorial.

Important

Record your Credentials

Ensure you record the following credentials:

  • Tenant ID

  • Client ID

  • Client secret

You will need them to construct your kmsProviders object later in this tutorial.

Important

Record your Credentials

Ensure you record the following credentials:

  • Tenant ID

  • Client ID

  • Client secret

You will need them to construct your kmsProviders object later in this tutorial.

2
1

To create a new Azure Key Vault instance and Customer Master Key, follow Microsoft's official Set and retrieve a key from Azure Key Vault using the Azure portal Quick Start.

Note

The Customer Master Key should have an RSA key size of 2048 or 4096 bits.

Important

Record your Credentials

Ensure you record the following credentials:

  • Key Name

  • Key Identifier (referred to as keyVaultEndpoint later in this guide)

  • Key Version

You will need them to construct your dataKeyOpts object later in this tutorial.

2

Grant your client application wrap and unwrap permissions to the key.

1

Create a unique index on the keyAltNames field in your encryption.__keyVault namespace.

Select the tab corresponding to your preferred MongoDB driver:

var connectionString = "<Your MongoDB URI>";
var keyVaultNamespace = CollectionNamespace.FromFullName("encryption.__keyVault");
var keyVaultClient = new MongoClient(connectionString);
var indexOptions = new CreateIndexOptions<BsonDocument>();
indexOptions.Unique = true;
indexOptions.PartialFilterExpression = new BsonDocument { { "keyAltNames", new BsonDocument { { "$exists", new BsonBoolean(true) } } } };
var builder = Builders<BsonDocument>.IndexKeys;
var indexKeysDocument = builder.Ascending("keyAltNames");
var indexModel = new CreateIndexModel<BsonDocument>(indexKeysDocument, indexOptions);
var keyVaultDatabase = keyVaultClient.GetDatabase(keyVaultNamespace.DatabaseNamespace.ToString());
// Drop the Key Vault Collection in case you created this collection
// in a previous run of this application.
keyVaultDatabase.DropCollection(keyVaultNamespace.CollectionName);
// Drop the database storing your encrypted fields as all
// the DEKs encrypting those fields were deleted in the preceding line.
keyVaultClient.GetDatabase("medicalRecords").DropCollection("patients");
var keyVaultCollection = keyVaultDatabase.GetCollection<BsonDocument>(keyVaultNamespace.CollectionName.ToString());
keyVaultCollection.Indexes.CreateOne(indexModel);
uri := "<Your MongoDB URI>"
keyVaultClient, err := mongo.Connect(context.TODO(), options.Client().ApplyURI(uri))
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("Connect error for regular client: %v", err)
}
defer func() {
_ = keyVaultClient.Disconnect(context.TODO())
}()
keyVaultColl := "__keyVault"
keyVaultDb := "encryption"
keyVaultNamespace := keyVaultDb + "." + keyVaultColl
keyVaultIndex := mongo.IndexModel{
Keys: bson.D{{"keyAltNames", 1}},
Options: options.Index().
SetUnique(true).
SetPartialFilterExpression(bson.D{
{"keyAltNames", bson.D{
{"$exists", true},
}},
}),
}
// Drop the Key Vault Collection in case you created this collection
// in a previous run of this application.
if err = keyVaultClient.Database(keyVaultDb).Collection(keyVaultColl).Drop(context.TODO()); err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Collection.Drop error: %v", err)
}
// Drop the database storing your encrypted fields as all
// the DEKs encrypting those fields were deleted in the preceding line.
if err = keyVaultClient.Database("medicalRecords").Collection("patients").Drop(context.TODO()); err != nil {
log.Fatalf("Collection.Drop error: %v", err)
}
_, err = keyVaultClient.Database(keyVaultDb).Collection(keyVaultColl).Indexes().CreateOne(context.TODO(), keyVaultIndex)
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
String connectionString = "<Your MongoDB URI>";
String keyVaultDb = "encryption";
String keyVaultColl = "__keyVault";
String keyVaultNamespace = keyVaultDb + "." + keyVaultColl;
MongoClient keyVaultClient = MongoClients.create(connectionString);
// Drop the Key Vault Collection in case you created this collection
// in a previous run of this application.
keyVaultClient.getDatabase(keyVaultDb).getCollection(keyVaultColl).drop();
// Drop the database storing your encrypted fields as all
// the DEKs encrypting those fields were deleted in the preceding line.
keyVaultClient.getDatabase("medicalRecords").getCollection("patients").drop();
MongoCollection keyVaultCollection = keyVaultClient.getDatabase(keyVaultDb).getCollection(keyVaultColl);
IndexOptions indexOpts = new IndexOptions().partialFilterExpression(new BsonDocument("keyAltNames", new BsonDocument("$exists", new BsonBoolean(true) ))).unique(true);
keyVaultCollection.createIndex(new BsonDocument("keyAltNames", new BsonInt32(1)), indexOpts);
keyVaultClient.close();
const uri = "<Your Connection String>";
const keyVaultDatabase = "encryption";
const keyVaultCollection = "__keyVault";
const keyVaultNamespace = `${keyVaultDatabase}.${keyVaultCollection}`;
const keyVaultClient = new MongoClient(uri);
await keyVaultClient.connect();
const keyVaultDB = keyVaultClient.db(keyVaultDatabase);
// Drop the Key Vault Collection in case you created this collection
// in a previous run of this application.
await keyVaultDB.dropDatabase();
// Drop the database storing your encrypted fields as all
// the DEKs encrypting those fields were deleted in the preceding line.
await keyVaultClient.db("medicalRecords").dropDatabase();
const keyVaultColl = keyVaultDB.collection(keyVaultCollection);
await keyVaultColl.createIndex(
{ keyAltNames: 1 },
{
unique: true,
partialFilterExpression: { keyAltNames: { $exists: true } },
}
);
connection_string = "<your connection string here>"
key_vault_coll = "__keyVault"
key_vault_db = "encryption"
key_vault_namespace = f"{key_vault_db}.{key_vault_coll}"
key_vault_client = MongoClient(connection_string)
# Drop the Key Vault Collection in case you created this collection
# in a previous run of this application.
key_vault_client.drop_database(key_vault_db)
# Drop the database storing your encrypted fields as all
# the DEKs encrypting those fields were deleted in the preceding line.
key_vault_client["medicalRecords"].drop_collection("patients")
key_vault_client[key_vault_db][key_vault_coll].create_index(
[("keyAltNames", ASCENDING)],
unique=True,
partialFilterExpression={"keyAltNames": {"$exists": True}},
)
2
1

Add the service account credentials to your CSFLE-enabled client code.

var kmsProviders = new Dictionary<string, IReadOnlyDictionary<string, object>>();
var provider = "azure";
var azureKmsOptions = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
{ "tenantId", "<Your Azure Tenant ID>" },
{ "clientId", "<Your Azure Client ID>" },
{ "clientSecret", "<Your Azure Client Secret>" },
};
provider := "azure"
kmsProviders := map[string]map[string]interface{}{
provider: {
"tenantId": "<Your Azure Tenant ID>",
"clientId": "<Your Azure Client ID>",
"clientSecret": "<Your Azure Client Secret>",
},
}
String kmsProvider = "azure";
Map<String, Map<String, Object>> kmsProviders = new HashMap<String, Map<String, Object>>();
Map<String, Object> providerDetails = new HashMap<>();
providerDetails.put("tenantId", "<Azure account organization>");
providerDetails.put("clientId", "<Azure client ID>");
providerDetails.put("clientSecret", "<Azure client secret>");
kmsProviders.put(kmsProvider, providerDetails);

Tip

Azure Virtual Machine Managed Identities

If your client runs on an Azure Virtual Machine (VM), you can allow the VM to use its Managed Identity to authenticate to your key vault.

To allow the Azure VM to automatically provide your credentials, assign an empty map instead of one that contains your Azure credentials as shown in the following code:

String kmsProvider = "azure";
Map<String, Map<String, Object>> kmsProviders = new HashMap<String, Map<String, Object>>();
Map<String, Object> providerDetails = new HashMap<>();
kmsProviders.put(kmsProvider, providerDetails);
const provider = "azure";
const kmsProviders = {
azure: {
tenantId: "<Your Tenant ID>",
clientId: "<Your Client ID>",
clientSecret: "<Your Client Secret>",
},
};
provider = "azure"
kms_providers = {
provider: {
"tenantId": "<Azure account organization>",
"clientId": "<Azure client ID>",
"clientSecret": "<Azure client secret>",
}
}
2

Update the following code to specify your Customer Master Key:

Tip

You recorded your Customer Master Key's ARN and Region in the Create a Customer Master Key step of this guide.

kmsProviders.Add(provider, azureKmsOptions);
var dataKeyOptions = new DataKeyOptions(
masterKey: new BsonDocument
{
{ "keyName", "<Your Azure Key Name>" },
{ "keyVaultEndpoint", "<Your Azure Key Vault Endpoint>" },
});
masterKey := map[string]interface{}{
"keyVaultEndpoint": "<Your Azure Key Vault Endpoint>",
"keyName": "<Your Azure Key Name>",
}
BsonDocument masterKeyProperties = new BsonDocument();
masterKeyProperties.put("provider", new BsonString(kmsProvider));
masterKeyProperties.put("keyName", new BsonString("<Azure key name>"));
masterKeyProperties.put("keyVaultEndpoint", new BsonString("<Azure key vault endpoint"));
const masterKey = {
keyVaultEndpoint: "<Your Key Vault Endpoint>",
keyName: "<Your Key Name>",
};
master_key = {
"keyName": "<Azure key name>",
"keyVersion": "<Azure key version>",
"keyVaultEndpoint": "<Azure key vault endpoint/key identifier>",
}
3

Generate your Data Encryption Key using the variables declared in step one of this tutorial.

var clientEncryptionOptions = new ClientEncryptionOptions(
keyVaultClient: keyVaultClient,
keyVaultNamespace: keyVaultNamespace,
kmsProviders: kmsProviders
);
var clientEncryption = new ClientEncryption(clientEncryptionOptions);
var dataKeyId = clientEncryption.CreateDataKey(provider, dataKeyOptions, CancellationToken.None);
var dataKeyIdBase64 = Convert.ToBase64String(GuidConverter.ToBytes(dataKeyId, GuidRepresentation.Standard));
Console.WriteLine($"DataKeyId [base64]: {dataKeyIdBase64}");
clientEncryptionOpts := options.ClientEncryption().SetKeyVaultNamespace(keyVaultNamespace).
SetKmsProviders(kmsProviders)
clientEnc, err := mongo.NewClientEncryption(keyVaultClient, clientEncryptionOpts)
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("NewClientEncryption error %v", err)
}
defer func() {
_ = clientEnc.Close(context.TODO())
}()
dataKeyOpts := options.DataKey().
SetMasterKey(masterKey)
dataKeyID, err := clientEnc.CreateDataKey(context.TODO(), provider, dataKeyOpts)
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("create data key error %v", err)
}
fmt.Printf("DataKeyId [base64]: %s\n", base64.StdEncoding.EncodeToString(dataKeyID.Data))
ClientEncryptionSettings clientEncryptionSettings = ClientEncryptionSettings.builder()
.keyVaultMongoClientSettings(MongoClientSettings.builder()
.applyConnectionString(new ConnectionString(connectionString))
.build())
.keyVaultNamespace(keyVaultNamespace)
.kmsProviders(kmsProviders)
.build();
MongoClient regularClient = MongoClients.create(connectionString);
ClientEncryption clientEncryption = ClientEncryptions.create(clientEncryptionSettings);
BsonBinary dataKeyId = clientEncryption.createDataKey(kmsProvider, new DataKeyOptions().masterKey(masterKeyProperties));
String base64DataKeyId = Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(dataKeyId.getData());
System.out.println("DataKeyId [base64]: " + base64DataKeyId);
clientEncryption.close();
const client = new MongoClient(uri, {
useNewUrlParser: true,
useUnifiedTopology: true,
});
await client.connect();
const encryption = new ClientEncryption(client, {
keyVaultNamespace,
kmsProviders,
});
const key = await encryption.createDataKey(provider, {
masterKey: masterKey,
});
console.log("DataKeyId [base64]: ", key.toString("base64"));
await keyVaultClient.close();
await client.close();

Note

Import ClientEncryption

When using the Node.js driver v6.0 and later, you must import ClientEncryption from mongodb.

For earlier driver versions, import ClientEncryption from mongodb-client-encryption.

key_vault_database = "encryption"
key_vault_collection = "__keyVault"
key_vault_namespace = f"{key_vault_database}.{key_vault_collection}"
client = MongoClient(connection_string)
client_encryption = ClientEncryption(
kms_providers, # pass in the kms_providers variable from the previous step
key_vault_namespace,
client,
CodecOptions(uuid_representation=STANDARD),
)
data_key_id = client_encryption.create_data_key(provider, master_key)
base_64_data_key_id = base64.b64encode(data_key_id)
print("DataKeyId [base64]: ", base_64_data_key_id)

Tip

Learn More

To view a diagram showing how your client application creates your Data Encryption Key when using an Azure Key Vault, see Architecture.

To learn more about the options for creating a Data Encryption Key encrypted with a Customer Master Key hosted in Azure Key Vault, see kmsProviders Object and dataKeyOpts Object.

Tip

See: Complete Code

To view the complete code for making a Data Encryption Key, see our Github repository

To view the complete code for making a Data Encryption Key, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for making a Data Encryption Key, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for making a Data Encryption Key, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for making a Data Encryption Key, see our Github repository.

3

Tip

Follow the remaining steps in this tutorial in a separate file from the one created in the previous steps.

To view the complete code for this file, see our Github repository

To view the complete code for this file, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for this file, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for this file, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for this file, see our Github repository.

1

Specify encryption.__keyVault as the Key Vault collection namespace.

var keyVaultNamespace = CollectionNamespace.FromFullName("encryption.__keyVault");
keyVaultNamespace := "encryption.__keyVault"
String keyVaultNamespace = "encryption.__keyVault";
const keyVaultNamespace = "encryption.__keyVault";
key_vault_namespace = "encryption.__keyVault"
2

Specify the azure KMS provider and your Azure credentials:

var kmsProviders = new Dictionary<string, IReadOnlyDictionary<string, object>>();
var provider = "azure";
var azureKmsOptions = new Dictionary<string, object>
{
{ "tenantId", "<Your Azure Tenant ID>" },
{ "clientId", "<Your Azure Client ID>" },
{ "clientSecret", "<Your Azure Client Secret>" },
};
kmsProviders.Add(provider, azureKmsOptions);
kmsProviders := map[string]map[string]interface{}{
"azure": {
"tenantId": "<Your Azure Tenant ID>",
"clientId": "<Your Azure Client ID>",
"clientSecret": "<Your Azure Client Secret>",
},
}
String kmsProvider = "azure";
Map<String, Map<String, Object>> kmsProviders = new HashMap<String, Map<String, Object>>();
Map<String, Object> providerDetails = new HashMap<>();
providerDetails.put("tenantId", "<Azure account organization>");
providerDetails.put("clientId", "<Azure client ID>");
providerDetails.put("clientSecret", "<Azure client secret>");
kmsProviders.put(kmsProvider, providerDetails);

Tip

Azure Virtual Machine Managed Identities

If your client runs on an Azure Virtual Machine (VM), you can allow the VM to use its Managed Identity to authenticate to your key vault.

To allow the Azure VM to automatically provide your credentials, assign an empty map instead of one that contains your Azure credentials as shown in the following code:

String kmsProvider = "azure";
Map<String, Map<String, Object>> kmsProviders = new HashMap<String, Map<String, Object>>();
Map<String, Object> providerDetails = new HashMap<>();
kmsProviders.put(kmsProvider, providerDetails);
const kmsProviders = {
azure: {
tenantId: "<Your Tenant ID>",
clientId: "<Your Client ID>",
clientSecret: "<Your Client Secret>",
},
};
provider = "azure"
kms_providers = {
"azure": {
"tenantId": "<Azure account organization>",
"clientId": "<Azure client ID>",
"clientSecret": "<Azure client secret>",
}
}
3

Tip

Add Your Data Encryption Key Base64 ID

Make sure to update the following code to include your Base64 DEK ID. You received this value in the Generate your Data Encryption Key step of this guide.

var keyId = "<Your base64 DEK ID here>";
var schema = new BsonDocument
{
{ "bsonType", "object" },
{
"encryptMetadata",
new BsonDocument("keyId", new BsonArray(new[] { new BsonBinaryData(Convert.FromBase64String(keyId), BsonBinarySubType.UuidStandard) }))
},
{
"properties",
new BsonDocument
{
{
"ssn", new BsonDocument
{
{
"encrypt", new BsonDocument
{
{ "bsonType", "int" },
{ "algorithm", "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic" }
}
}
}
},
{
"bloodType", new BsonDocument
{
{
"encrypt", new BsonDocument
{
{ "bsonType", "string" },
{ "algorithm", "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random" }
}
}
}
},
{
"medicalRecords", new BsonDocument
{
{
"encrypt", new BsonDocument
{
{ "bsonType", "array" },
{ "algorithm", "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random" }
}
}
}
},
{
"insurance", new BsonDocument
{
{ "bsonType", "object" },
{
"properties", new BsonDocument
{
{
"policyNumber", new BsonDocument
{
{
"encrypt", new BsonDocument
{
{ "bsonType", "int" },
{ "algorithm", "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic" }
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
};
var schemaMap = new Dictionary<string, BsonDocument>();
schemaMap.Add(dbNamespace, schema);
dek_id := "<Your Base64 DEK ID>"
schema_template := `{
"bsonType": "object",
"encryptMetadata": {
"keyId": [
{
"$binary": {
"base64": "%s",
"subType": "04"
}
}
]
},
"properties": {
"insurance": {
"bsonType": "object",
"properties": {
"policyNumber": {
"encrypt": {
"bsonType": "int",
"algorithm": "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic"
}
}
}
},
"medicalRecords": {
"encrypt": {
"bsonType": "array",
"algorithm": "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random"
}
},
"bloodType": {
"encrypt": {
"bsonType": "string",
"algorithm": "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random"
}
},
"ssn": {
"encrypt": {
"bsonType": "int",
"algorithm": "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic"
}
}
}
}`
schema := fmt.Sprintf(schema_template, dek_id)
var schemaDoc bson.Raw
if err := bson.UnmarshalExtJSON([]byte(schema), true, &schemaDoc); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("UnmarshalExtJSON error: %v", err)
}
schemaMap := map[string]interface{}{
dbName + "." + collName: schemaDoc,
}
String dekId = "<paste-base-64-encoded-data-encryption-key-id>>";
Document jsonSchema = new Document().append("bsonType", "object").append("encryptMetadata",
new Document().append("keyId", new ArrayList<>((Arrays.asList(new Document().append("$binary", new Document()
.append("base64", dekId)
.append("subType", "04")))))))
.append("properties", new Document()
.append("ssn", new Document().append("encrypt", new Document()
.append("bsonType", "int")
.append("algorithm", "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic")))
.append("bloodType", new Document().append("encrypt", new Document()
.append("bsonType", "string")
.append("algorithm", "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random")))
.append("medicalRecords", new Document().append("encrypt", new Document()
.append("bsonType", "array")
.append("algorithm", "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random")))
.append("insurance", new Document()
.append("bsonType", "object")
.append("properties",
new Document().append("policyNumber", new Document().append("encrypt", new Document()
.append("bsonType", "int")
.append("algorithm", "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic"))))));
HashMap<String, BsonDocument> schemaMap = new HashMap<String, BsonDocument>();
schemaMap.put("medicalRecords.patients", BsonDocument.parse(jsonSchema.toJson()));
dataKey = "<Your base64 DEK ID>";
const schema = {
bsonType: "object",
encryptMetadata: {
keyId: [new Binary(Buffer.from(dataKey, "base64"), 4)],
},
properties: {
insurance: {
bsonType: "object",
properties: {
policyNumber: {
encrypt: {
bsonType: "int",
algorithm: "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic",
},
},
},
},
medicalRecords: {
encrypt: {
bsonType: "array",
algorithm: "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random",
},
},
bloodType: {
encrypt: {
bsonType: "string",
algorithm: "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random",
},
},
ssn: {
encrypt: {
bsonType: "int",
algorithm: "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic",
},
},
},
};
var patientSchema = {};
patientSchema[namespace] = schema;
dek_id = b"<paste-base-64-encoded-data-encryption-key-id>"
json_schema = {
"bsonType": "object",
"encryptMetadata": {"keyId": [Binary(base64.b64decode(dek_id), UUID_SUBTYPE)]},
"properties": {
"insurance": {
"bsonType": "object",
"properties": {
"policyNumber": {
"encrypt": {
"bsonType": "int",
"algorithm": "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic",
}
}
},
},
"medicalRecords": {
"encrypt": {
"bsonType": "array",
"algorithm": "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random",
}
},
"bloodType": {
"encrypt": {
"bsonType": "string",
"algorithm": "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Random",
}
},
"ssn": {
"encrypt": {
"bsonType": "int",
"algorithm": "AEAD_AES_256_CBC_HMAC_SHA_512-Deterministic",
}
},
},
}
patient_schema = {"medicalRecords.patients": json_schema}
4
var mongoBinariesPath = "<Full path to your Automatic Encryption Shared Library>";
var extraOptions = new Dictionary<string, object>()
{
{ "cryptSharedLibPath", mongoBinariesPath },
};
extraOptions := map[string]interface{}{
"cryptSharedLibPath": "<Full path to your Automatic Encryption Shared Library>",
}
Map<String, Object> extraOptions = new HashMap<String, Object>();
extraOptions.put("cryptSharedLibPath", "<Full path to your Automatic Encryption Shared Library>"));
const extraOptions = {
cryptSharedLibPath: "<Full path to your Automatic Encryption Shared Library>",
};
extra_options = {
"cryptSharedLibPath": "<Full path to your Automatic Encryption Shared Library>"
}

Note

Automatic Encryption Options

The automatic encryption options provide configuration information to the Automatic Encryption Shared Library, which modifies the application's behavior when accessing encrypted fields.

To learn more about the Automatic Encryption Shared Library, see the Automatic Encryption Shared Library for CSFLE page.

5

Instantiate a MongoDB client object with the following automatic encryption settings that use the variables declared in the previous steps:

var clientSettings = MongoClientSettings.FromConnectionString(connectionString);
var autoEncryptionOptions = new AutoEncryptionOptions(
keyVaultNamespace: keyVaultNamespace,
kmsProviders: kmsProviders,
schemaMap: schemaMap,
extraOptions: extraOptions
);
clientSettings.AutoEncryptionOptions = autoEncryptionOptions;
var secureClient = new MongoClient(clientSettings);
autoEncryptionOpts := options.AutoEncryption().
SetKmsProviders(kmsProviders).
SetKeyVaultNamespace(keyVaultNamespace).
SetSchemaMap(schemaMap).
SetExtraOptions(extraOptions)
secureClient, err := mongo.Connect(context.TODO(), options.Client().ApplyURI(uri).SetAutoEncryptionOptions(autoEncryptionOpts))
if err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("Connect error for encrypted client: %v", err)
}
defer func() {
_ = secureClient.Disconnect(context.TODO())
}()
MongoClientSettings clientSettings = MongoClientSettings.builder()
.applyConnectionString(new ConnectionString(connectionString))
.autoEncryptionSettings(AutoEncryptionSettings.builder()
.keyVaultNamespace(keyVaultNamespace)
.kmsProviders(kmsProviders)
.schemaMap(schemaMap)
.extraOptions(extraOptions)
.build())
.build();
MongoClient mongoClientSecure = MongoClients.create(clientSettings);
const secureClient = new MongoClient(connectionString, {
useNewUrlParser: true,
useUnifiedTopology: true,
autoEncryption: {
keyVaultNamespace,
kmsProviders,
schemaMap: patientSchema,
extraOptions: extraOptions,
},
});
fle_opts = AutoEncryptionOpts(
kms_providers, key_vault_namespace, schema_map=patient_schema, **extra_options
)
secureClient = MongoClient(connection_string, auto_encryption_opts=fle_opts)
4

Use your CSFLE-enabled MongoClient instance to insert a document with encrypted fields into the medicalRecords.patients namespace using the following code snippet:

var sampleDocFields = new BsonDocument
{
{ "name", "Jon Doe" },
{ "ssn", 145014000 },
{ "bloodType", "AB-" },
{
"medicalRecords", new BsonArray
{
new BsonDocument("weight", 180),
new BsonDocument("bloodPressure", "120/80")
}
},
{
"insurance", new BsonDocument
{
{ "policyNumber", 123142 },
{ "provider", "MaestCare" }
}
}
};
// Construct an auto-encrypting client
var secureCollection = secureClient.GetDatabase(db).GetCollection<BsonDocument>(coll);
// Insert a document into the collection
secureCollection.InsertOne(sampleDocFields);
test_patient := map[string]interface{}{
"name": "Jon Doe",
"ssn": 241014209,
"bloodType": "AB+",
"medicalRecords": []map[string]interface{}{{
"weight": 180,
"bloodPressure": "120/80",
}},
"insurance": map[string]interface{}{
"provider": "MaestCare",
"policyNumber": 123142,
},
}
if _, err := secureClient.Database(dbName).Collection(collName).InsertOne(context.TODO(), test_patient); err != nil {
return fmt.Errorf("InsertOne error: %v", err)
}

Note

Rather than creating a raw BSON document, you can pass a struct with bson tags directly to the driver for encoding.

ArrayList<Document> medicalRecords = new ArrayList<>();
medicalRecords.add(new Document().append("weight", "180"));
medicalRecords.add(new Document().append("bloodPressure", "120/80"));
Document insurance = new Document()
.append("policyNumber", 123142)
.append("provider", "MaestCare");
Document patient = new Document()
.append("name", "Jon Doe")
.append("ssn", 241014209)
.append("bloodType", "AB+")
.append("medicalRecords", medicalRecords)
.append("insurance", insurance);
mongoClientSecure.getDatabase(recordsDb).getCollection(recordsColl).insertOne(patient);
try {
const writeResult = await secureClient
.db(db)
.collection(coll)
.insertOne({
name: "Jon Doe",
ssn: 241014209,
bloodType: "AB+",
medicalRecords: [{ weight: 180, bloodPressure: "120/80" }],
insurance: {
policyNumber: 123142,
provider: "MaestCare",
},
});
} catch (writeError) {
console.error("writeError occurred:", writeError);
}
def insert_patient(
collection, name, ssn, blood_type, medical_records, policy_number, provider
):
insurance = {"policyNumber": policy_number, "provider": provider}
doc = {
"name": name,
"ssn": ssn,
"bloodType": blood_type,
"medicalRecords": medical_records,
"insurance": insurance,
}
collection.insert_one(doc)
medical_record = [{"weight": 180, "bloodPressure": "120/80"}]
insert_patient(
secureClient.medicalRecords.patients,
"Jon Doe",
241014209,
"AB+",
medical_record,
123142,
"MaestCare",
)

When you insert a document, your CSFLE-enabled client encrypts the fields of your document such that it resembles the following:

{
"_id": { "$oid": "<_id of your document>" },
"name": "Jon Doe",
"ssn": {
"$binary": "<cipher-text>",
"$type": "6"
},
"bloodType": {
"$binary": "<cipher-text>",
"$type": "6"
},
"medicalRecords": {
"$binary": "<cipher-text>",
"$type": "6"
},
"insurance": {
"provider": "MaestCare",
"policyNumber": {
"$binary": "<cipher-text>",
"$type": "6"
}
}
}

Tip

See: Complete Code

To view the complete code for inserting a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository

To view the complete code for inserting a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for inserting a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for inserting a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for inserting a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository.

5

Retrieve the document with encrypted fields you inserted in the Insert a Document with Encrypted Fields step of this guide.

To show the functionality of CSFLE, the following code snippet queries for your document with a client configured for automatic CSFLE as well as a client that is not configured for automatic CSFLE.

Console.WriteLine("Finding a document with regular (non-encrypted) client.");
var filter = Builders<BsonDocument>.Filter.Eq("name", "Jon Doe");
var regularResult = regularCollection.Find(filter).Limit(1).ToList()[0];
Console.WriteLine($"\n{regularResult}\n");
Console.WriteLine("Finding a document with encrypted client, searching on an encrypted field");
var ssnFilter = Builders<BsonDocument>.Filter.Eq("ssn", 145014000);
var secureResult = secureCollection.Find(ssnFilter).Limit(1).First();
Console.WriteLine($"\n{secureResult}\n");
fmt.Println("Finding a document with regular (non-encrypted) client.")
var resultRegular bson.M
err = regularClient.Database(dbName).Collection(collName).FindOne(context.TODO(), bson.D{{"name", "Jon Doe"}}).Decode(&resultRegular)
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
outputRegular, err := json.MarshalIndent(resultRegular, "", " ")
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
fmt.Printf("%s\n", outputRegular)
fmt.Println("Finding a document with encrypted client, searching on an encrypted field")
var resultSecure bson.M
err = secureClient.Database(dbName).Collection(collName).FindOne(context.TODO(), bson.D{{"ssn", "241014209"}}).Decode(&resultSecure)
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
outputSecure, err := json.MarshalIndent(resultSecure, "", " ")
if err != nil {
panic(err)
}
fmt.Printf("%s\n", outputSecure)
System.out.println("Finding a document with regular (non-encrypted) client.");
Document docRegular = mongoClientRegular.getDatabase(recordsDb).getCollection(recordsColl).find(eq("name", "Jon Doe")).first();
System.out.println(docRegular.toJson());
System.out.println("Finding a document with encrypted client, searching on an encrypted field");
Document docSecure = mongoClientSecure.getDatabase(recordsDb).getCollection(recordsColl).find(eq("ssn", 241014209)).first();
System.out.println(docSecure.toJson());
console.log("Finding a document with regular (non-encrypted) client.");
console.log(
await regularClient.db(db).collection(coll).findOne({ name: /Jon/ })
);
console.log(
"Finding a document with encrypted client, searching on an encrypted field"
);
console.log(
await secureClient.db(db).collection(coll).findOne({ ssn: "241014209" })
);
print("Finding a document with regular (non-encrypted) client.")
result = regularClient.medicalRecords.patients.find_one({"name": "Jon Doe"})
pprint.pprint(result)
print("Finding a document with encrypted client, searching on an encrypted field")
pprint.pprint(secureClient.medicalRecords.patients.find_one({"ssn": 241014209}))

The output of the preceding code snippet should look like this:

Finding a document with regular (non-encrypted) client.
{
_id: new ObjectId("629a452e0861b3130887103a"),
name: 'Jon Doe',
ssn: new Binary(Buffer.from("0217482732d8014cdd9ffdd6e2966e5e7910c20697e5f4fa95710aafc9153f0a3dc769c8a132a604b468732ff1f4d8349ded3244b59cbfb41444a210f28b21ea1b6c737508d9d30e8baa30c1d8070c4d5e26", "hex"), 6),
bloodType: new Binary(Buffer.from("0217482732d8014cdd9ffdd6e2966e5e79022e238536dfd8caadb4d7751ac940e0f195addd7e5c67b61022d02faa90283ab69e02303c7e4001d1996128428bf037dea8bbf59fbb20c583cbcff2bf3e2519b4", "hex"), 6),
'key-id': 'demo-data-key',
medicalRecords: new Binary(Buffer.from("0217482732d8014cdd9ffdd6e2966e5e790405163a3207cff175455106f57eef14e5610c49a99bcbd14a7db9c5284e45e3ee30c149354015f941440bf54725d6492fb3b8704bc7c411cff6c868e4e13c58233c3d5ed9593eca4e4d027d76d3705b6d1f3b3c9e2ceee195fd944b553eb27eee69e5e67c338f146f8445995664980bf0", "hex"), 6),
insurance: {
policyNumber: new Binary(Buffer.from("0217482732d8014cdd9ffdd6e2966e5e79108decd85c05be3fec099e015f9d26d9234605dc959cc1a19b63072f7ffda99db38c7b487de0572a03b2139ac3ee163bcc40c8508f366ce92a5dd36e38b3c742f7", "hex"), 6),
provider: 'MaestCare'
}
}
Finding a document with encrypted client, searching on an encrypted field
{
_id: new ObjectId("629a452e0861b3130887103a"),
name: 'Jon Doe',
ssn: 241014209,
bloodType: 'AB+',
'key-id': 'demo-data-key',
medicalRecords: [ { weight: 180, bloodPressure: '120/80' } ],
insurance: { policyNumber: 123142, provider: 'MaestCare' }
}

Tip

See: Complete Code

To view the complete code for finding a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository

To view the complete code for finding a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for finding a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for finding a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository.

To view the complete code for finding a document with encrypted fields, see our Github repository.

To learn how CSFLE works, see Fundamentals.

To learn more about the topics mentioned in this guide, see the following links:

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