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Adds a shard replica set to a sharded cluster. This method must be run on a mongos instance.


mongo Shell Method

This page documents a mongo method. This is not the documentation for database commands or language-specific drivers, such as Node.js. To use the database command, see the addShard command.

For MongoDB API drivers, refer to the language-specific MongoDB driver documentation.

The sh.addShard() method has the following parameter:

Parameter Type Description
host string

The replica set name, hostname, and port of at least one member of the shard’s replica set. Any additional replica set member hostnames must be comma separated. For example:

<replica_set>/<hostname><:port>,<hostname><:port>, ...

The sh.addShard() method has the following prototype form:



Do not use localhost for the hostname unless your config server is also running on localhost.

mongos installed from official .deb and .rpm packages have the bind_ip configuration set to by default.

mongos uses "majority" for the addShard command and its helper sh.addShard().



When you add a shard to a sharded cluster, you affect the balance of chunks among the shards of a cluster for all existing sharded collections. The balancer will begin migrating chunks so that the cluster will achieve balance. See Cluster Balancer for more information.

Chunk migrations can have an impact on disk space, as the source shard automatically archives the migrated documents by default. For details, see moveChunk directory.

Hidden Members


You cannot include a hidden member in the seed list provided to sh.addShard().


To add a shard, specify the name of the replica set and the hostname of at least one member of the replica set, as a seed. If you specify additional hostnames, all must be members of the same replica set.

The following example adds a replica set named repl0 and specifies one member of the replica set: