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$toDecimal (aggregation)

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  • Behavior
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$toDecimal

Converts a value to a decimal. If the value cannot be converted to a decimal, $toDecimal errors. If the value is null or missing, $toDecimal returns null.

$toDecimal has the following syntax:

{
$toDecimal: <expression>
}

The $toDecimal takes any valid expression.

The $toDecimal is a shorthand for the following $convert expression:

{ $convert: { input: <expression>, to: "decimal" } }

Tip

See also:

The following table lists the input types that can be converted to a decimal:

Input Type
Behavior
Boolean
Returns Decimal128("0") for false.
Returns Decimal128("1") for true.
Double
Returns double value as a decimal.
Decimal
No-op. Returns the decimal.
Integer
Returns the int value as a decimal.
Long
Returns the long value as a decimal.
String

Returns the numerical value of the string as a decimal.

The string value must be of a base 10 numeric value (e.g. "-5.5", "123456").

You cannot convert a string value of a non-base 10 number (e.g. "0x6400")

Date
Returns the number of milliseconds since the epoch that corresponds to the date value.

The following table lists some conversion to decimal examples:

Example
Results
{$toDecimal: true}
Decimal128("1")
{$toDecimal: false}
Decimal128("0")
{$toDecimal: 2.5}
Decimal128("2.50000000000000")
{$toDecimal: NumberInt(5)}
Decimal128("5")
{$toDecimal: NumberLong(10000)}
Decimal128("10000")
{$toDecimal: "-5.5"}
Decimal128("-5.5")
{$toDecimal: ISODate("2018-03-27T05:04:47.890Z")}
Decimal128("1522127087890")

Create a collection orders with the following documents:

db.orders.insertMany( [
{ _id: 1, item: "apple", qty: 5, price: 10 },
{ _id: 2, item: "pie", qty: 10, price: NumberDecimal("20.0") },
{ _id: 3, item: "ice cream", qty: 2, price: "4.99" },
{ _id: 4, item: "almonds", qty: 5, price: 5 }
] )

The following aggregation operation on the orders collection converts the price to a decimal and the qty to an integer before calculating the total price:

// Define stage to add convertedPrice and convertedQty fields with the converted price and qty values
priceQtyConversionStage = {
$addFields: {
convertedPrice: { $toDecimal: "$price" },
convertedQty: { $toInt: "$qty" },
}
};
// Define stage to calculate total price by multiplying convertedPrice and convertedQty fields
totalPriceCalculationStage = {
$project: { item: 1, totalPrice: { $multiply: [ "$convertedPrice", "$convertedQty" ] } }
};
db.orders.aggregate( [
priceQtyConversionStage,
totalPriceCalculationStage
] )

The operation returns the following documents:

{ _id: 1, item: 'apple', totalPrice: Decimal128("50") },
{ _id: 2, item: 'pie', totalPrice: Decimal128("200.0") },
{ _id: 3, item: 'ice cream', totalPrice: Decimal128("9.98") },
{ _id: 4, item: 'almonds', totalPrice: Decimal128("25") }

Note

If the conversion operation encounters an error, the aggregation operation stops and throws an error. To override this behavior, use $convert instead.

←  $toDate (aggregation)$toDouble(aggregation) →
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