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$minN (array operator)

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  • Definition
  • Syntax
  • Behavior
  • Example
$minN

New in version 5.2.

Returns the n smallest values in an array.

Tip

See also:

$maxN

$minN has the following syntax:

{ $minN: { n: <expression>, input: <expression> } }
Field
Description
n
An expression that resolves to a positive integer. The integer specifies the number of array elements that $minN returns.
input
An expression that resolves to the array from which to return the minimal n elements.
  • You cannot specify a value of n less than 1.

  • $minN filters out null values found in the input array.

  • If the specified n is greater than or equal to the number of elements in the input array, $minN returns all elements in the input array.

  • If input resolves to a non-array value, the aggregation operation errors.

  • If input contains both numeric and string elements, the numeric elements are sorted before string elements according to the BSON comparison order.

Create a scores collection with the following documents:

db.scores.insertMany([
{ "playerId" : 1, "score" : [ 1, 2, 3 ] },
{ "playerId" : 2, "score" : [ 12, 90, 7, 89, 8 ] },
{ "playerId" : 3, "score" : [ null ] },
{ "playerId" : 4, "score" : [ ] },
{ "playerId" : 5, "score" : [ 1293, "2", 3489, 9 ]}
])

The following example uses the $minN operator to retrieve the two lowest scores for each player. The lowest scores are returned in the new field minScores created by $addFields.

db.scores.aggregate([
{ $addFields: { minScores: { $minN: { n: 2, input: "$score" } } } }
])

The operation returns the following results:

[{
"playerId": 1,
"score": [ 1, 2, 3 ],
"minScores": [ 1, 2 ]
},
{
"playerId": 2,
"score": [ 12, 90, 7, 89, 8 ],
"minScores": [ 7, 8 ]
},
{
"playerId": 3,
"score": [ null ],
"minScores": [ ]
},
{
"playerId": 4,
"score": [ ],
"minScores": [ ]
},
{
"playerId": 5,
"score": [ 1293, "2", 3489, 9 ],
"minScores": [ 9, 1293 ]
}]
←  $minN (aggregation accumulator)$millisecond (aggregation) →
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