Introduced in 1995, MySQL has become a very popular open source relational database. MySQL follows the traditional relational model as it stores data into tables, rows, and columns. It uses SQL to access the database.
But as the modern age of digital applications and Big Data progresses, many enterprises are turning to newer database technologies that are much more well-suited to handle the current requirements and approaches. Many want to migrate from MySQL to MongoDB, the world’s most popular database in a new generation of technology known as NoSQL. NoSQL databases were designed specifically to address Big Data requirements and take advantage of cloud computing. MongoDB was introduced back in 2007 and is currently on version 3.2.
When application developers are thinking of how to best migrate from MySQL to MongoDB, they weigh these differences:
- Data models: MySQL follows the tradition relational schema. The downside is that you have to define your schema upfront and it’s very hard to make changes to the system once you’ve defined your schema. In contrast, MongoDB has a flexible schema that lets you to build an application without defining the schema first and lets you easily incorporate new data as your database evolves.
- Data structure: MySQL handles structured data with data stored in rows, columns, and tables with tables associated through joins. MongoDB stores data in documents which handle unstructured data (e.g., texts, social media posts, video, email) really well. You store related documents together as collections. You can also easily change the structure of a document by adding or removing new fields in MongoDB.
- Scaling: MySQL requires that a single server to host a database. To scale you need to buy a bigger, more expensive server. MongoDB, in contrast, lets you increase system capacity by horizontally scaling over cheap, commodity servers.
MongoDB is surging in popularity because of these advantages. When companies want to migrate from MySQL to a NoSQL solution, the choice of MongoDB becomes a no-brainer. MongoDB is the only NoSQL database that combines the best features of relational databases along with the innovations of NoSQL. With over 15 million downloads and counting, MongoDB enjoys the support of a thriving developer community and a massive partner network so you have ample talent to help you on your initial deployment and beyond.
Enterprises are increasingly switching to MongoDB from MySQL to build their modern applications and drastically lower costs. Find out more about how you can migrate your existing relational systems to MongoDB by downloading our white paper.