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Install MongoDB Enterprise on Ubuntu using .tgz Tarball

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  • Overview
  • Considerations
  • Install MongoDB Enterprise Edition
  • Run MongoDB Enterprise Edition
  • Additional Information


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MongoDB Atlas is a hosted MongoDB service option in the cloud which requires no installation overhead and offers a free tier to get started.

Use this tutorial to manually install MongoDB 6.0 Enterprise Edition on LTS (long-term support) releases of Ubuntu Linux using a downloaded .tgz tarball.

MongoDB Enterprise Edition is available on select platforms and contains support for several features related to security and monitoring.

This tutorial installs MongoDB 6.0 Enterprise Edition. To install a different version of MongoDB Enterprise, use the version drop-down menu in the upper-left corner of this page to select the documentation for that version.

While MongoDB can be installed manually via a downloaded .tgz tarball as described in this document, it is recommended to use the apt package manager on your system to install MongoDB if possible. Using a package manager automatically installs all needed dependencies, provides an example mongod.conf file to get you started, and simplifies future upgrade and maintenance tasks.

See Install MongoDB using the apt Package Manager for instructions.

When you use the .tgz package to install the server, you need to follow the mongosh installation instructions to download and install mongosh separately.


EOL Notice

  • MongoDB 5.0 Enterprise Edition removes support for Ubuntu 16.04 on x86_64

  • MongoDB 5.0 Enterprise Edition removes support for Ubuntu 18.04 on s390x

  • MongoDB 5.0 Enterprise Edition removes support for Ubuntu 18.04 on PPC64LE

MongoDB 6.0 Enterprise Edition supports the following 64-bit Ubuntu LTS (long-term support) releases on x86_64 architecture:

  • 22.04 LTS ("Jammy") (Starting in MongoDB 6.0.4)

  • 20.04 LTS ("Focal")

  • 18.04 LTS ("Bionic")

  • 16.04 LTS ("Xenial")

MongoDB only supports the 64-bit versions of these platforms. To determine which Ubuntu release your host is running, run the following command on the host's terminal:

cat /etc/lsb-release

MongoDB 6.0 Enterprise Edition on Ubuntu also supports the ARM64 architecture on select platforms.

See Platform Support for more information.

For earlier MongoDB Enterprise versions that support Ubuntu 16.04 POWER/PPC64LE:

Due to a lock elision bug present in older versions of the glibc package on Ubuntu 16.04 for POWER, you must upgrade the glibc package to at least glibc 2.23-0ubuntu5 before running MongoDB. Systems with older versions of the glibc package will experience database server crashes and misbehavior due to random memory corruption, and are unsuitable for production deployments of MongoDB

Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document which offers performance considerations and configuration recommendations for production MongoDB deployments.

Use the following command to install the dependencies required for the MongoDB Enterprise .tgz tarball:

Follow these steps to manually install MongoDB Enterprise Edition from the .tgz.


After you have installed the required prerequisite packages, download the MongoDB Enterprise tgz tarball from the following link:

MongoDB Download Center

  1. In the Version dropdown, select the version of MongoDB to download.

  2. In the Platform dropdown, select your operating system version and architecture.

  3. In the Package dropdown, select tgz.

  4. Click Download.


Using an archive manager program or the tar command, extract the files.

For example, to extract from the terminal shell, you can use the following tar command:


If you downloaded a different MongoDB 6.0 point release, be sure to modify the command to reflect the correct .tgz file name.

tar -zxvf mongodb-linux-*-6.0.10.tgz

The MongoDB binaries are in the <mongodb-install-directory>/bin/ directory.

To avoid having to specify the path to the MongoDB binaries, you can create symbolic links to the binaries from a directory listed in your PATH variable, such as /usr/local/bin. Update /path/to/the/mongodb-directory/ with your installation directory as appropriate.

sudo ln -s /path/to/the/mongodb-directory/bin/* /usr/local/bin/

Alternatively, you can copy these binaries into a directory listed in your PATH variable such as /usr/local/bin.

sudo cp <mongodb-install-directory>/bin/* /usr/local/bin/

Install mongosh then use the MongoDB Shell to connect to your deployment.

Download the package for the version of mongosh you need from the MongoDB Download Center and uncompress the package.

ulimit Considerations
Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a process may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation, and should be adjusted. See UNIX ulimit Settings for the recommended settings for your platform.


Starting in MongoDB 4.4, a startup error is generated if the ulimit value for number of open files is under 64000.
You can configure the MongoDB instance (such as the data directory and log directory specifications) using either the command-line options or a configuration file.

Follow these steps to run MongoDB Enterprise Edition. These instructions assume that you are using the default settings.


Create a directory where the MongoDB instance stores its data. For example:

sudo mkdir -p /var/lib/mongo

Create a directory where the MongoDB instance stores its log. For example:

sudo mkdir -p /var/log/mongodb

The user that starts the MongoDB process must have read and write permission to these directories. For example, if you intend to run MongoDB as yourself:

sudo chown `whoami` /var/lib/mongo # Or substitute another user
sudo chown `whoami` /var/log/mongodb # Or substitute another user

To run MongoDB, run the mongod process at the system prompt.

mongod --dbpath /var/lib/mongo --logpath /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log --fork

For details on the command-line options --dbpath and --logpath, see Options.


Verify that MongoDB has started successfully by checking the process output for the following line in the log file /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log:

[initandlisten] waiting for connections on port 27017

You may see non-critical warnings in the process output. As long as you see the log line shown above, you can safely ignore these warnings during your initial evaluation of MongoDB.


Start a mongosh session on the same host machine as the mongod. You can run mongosh without any command-line options to connect to a mongod that is running on your localhost with default port 27017.


For more information on connecting using mongosh, such as to connect to a mongod instance running on a different host and/or port, see the mongosh documentation.

To help you start using MongoDB, MongoDB provides Getting Started Guides in various driver editions. For the driver documentation, see Start Developing with MongoDB.

By default, MongoDB launches with bindIp set to, which binds to the localhost network interface. This means that the mongod can only accept connections from clients that are running on the same machine. Remote clients will not be able to connect to the mongod, and the mongod will not be able to initialize a replica set unless this value is set to a valid network interface.

This value can be configured either:

  • in the MongoDB configuration file with bindIp, or

  • via the command-line argument --bind_ip


Before binding to a non-localhost (e.g. publicly accessible) IP address, ensure you have secured your cluster from unauthorized access. For a complete list of security recommendations, see Security Checklist. At minimum, consider enabling authentication and hardening network infrastructure.

For more information on configuring bindIp, see IP Binding.

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