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The $min updates the value of the field to a specified value if the specified value is less than the current value of the field. The $min operator can compare values of different types, using the BSON comparison order.

{ $min: { <field1>: <value1>, ... } }

To specify a <field> in an embedded document or in an array, use dot notation.

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, update operators process document fields with string-based names in lexicographic order. Fields with numeric names are processed in numeric order. See Update Operators Behavior for details.

If the field does not exist, the $min operator sets the field to the specified value.

For comparisons between values of different types, such as a number and a null, $min uses the BSON comparison order.

Starting in MongoDB 5.0, mongod no longer raises an error when you use an update operator like $min with an empty operand expression ( { } ). An empty update results in no changes and no oplog entry is created (meaning that the operation is a no-op).

Create the scores collection:

db.scores.insertOne( { _id: 1, highScore: 800, lowScore: 200 } )

The lowScore for the document currently has the value 200. The following operation uses $min to compare 200 to the specified value 150 and updates the value of lowScore to 150 since 150 is less than 200:

db.scores.updateOne( { _id: 1 }, { $min: { lowScore: 150 } } )

The scores collection now contains the following modified document:

{ _id: 1, highScore: 800, lowScore: 150 }

The next operation has no effect since the current value of the field lowScore, i.e 150, is less than 250:

db.scores.updateOne( { _id: 1 }, { $min: { lowScore: 250 } } )

The document remains unchanged in the scores collection:

{ _id: 1, highScore: 800, lowScore: 150 }

Create the tags collection:

_id: 1,
desc: "crafts",
dateEntered: ISODate("2013-10-01T05:00:00Z"),
dateExpired: ISODate("2013-10-01T16:38:16Z")

The following operation compares the current value of the dateEntered field, i.e. ISODate("2013-10-01T05:00:00Z"), with the specified date new Date("2013-09-25") to determine whether to update the field:

{ _id: 1 },
{ $min: { dateEntered: new Date("2013-09-25") } }

The operation updates the dateEntered field:

_id: 1,
desc: "crafts",
dateEntered: ISODate("2013-09-25T00:00:00Z"),
dateExpired: ISODate("2013-10-01T16:38:16Z")


See also: