Add object to empty array

This the document

_id: "5f1d78511158a201f89eaa13" ,
name: "Course",
sections:  [
    _id: "5f1d7d723bfe781024f734d9" ,
    section: "Section 1",
    lessons: [ Array ]
    _id: "5f1d7fd5131e9020d0477b18" ,
    section: "Section 1",
    lessons: [ Array ]

I would like to push an object into the ‘lessons’ array that is completly empty, so I should use findByIdAndUpdate()
lesson: {
content: “Content”

I get the course and section id from the request, so I tried this but it doesn’t work

db.collection.findByIdAndUpdate( {'sections._id':  req.body.section }, {$push: {lessons: lesson}, updated:}, {new: true})

I really need help, I haven’t found anything useful in the internet. What I should do?

Thank you very much,

Hello @Soulaimane_Benmessao, welcome to the forum.

You can use the positional $ Update Operator to update (i.e., add object to the empty array field lessons, using the update operator $push) the document for the specified "sections._id" field value.

For example, the following mongo shell update method will update the specific sub-document with a matching "sections._id":

  { "sections._id": req.body.section }, 
      $push: { "sections.$.lessons": lesson }, 
      $set: { updated: } 
  { returnNewDocument: true }

It works perfectly fine. Now I understand it. Thank you very much!

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