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Quick Start

On this page

  • Overview
  • Before You Get Started
  • Procedure
  • Assign Your Application Variables
  • Create your Encrypted Collection
  • Insert a Document with Encrypted Fields
  • Query on an Encrypted Field
  • Learn More

This guide shows you how to build an application that implements the MongoDB Queryable Encryption feature to automatically encrypt and decrypt document fields.

Select your driver language in the dropdown menu on the right to learn how to create an application that automatically encrypts and decrypts document fields.

Important

Do Not Use this Sample Application In Production

Because the instructions in this tutorial include storing an encryption key in an insecure environment, you should not use an unmodified version of this application in production. Using this application in production risks unauthorized access to the encryption key or loss of the key needed to decrypt your data. The purpose of this tutorial is to demonstrate how to use Queryable Encryption without needing to set up a Key Management System.

You can use a Key Management System to securely store your encryption key in a production environment. A KMS is a remote service that securely stores and manages your encryption keys. To learn how to set up a Queryable Encryption enabled application that uses a KMS, see the Queryable Encryption Tutorials.

To complete and run the code in this guide, you need to set up your development environment as shown in the Install a Queryable Encryption Compatible Driver page.

Tip

See: Full Application

To see the complete code for this sample application, select the tab corresponding to your programming language and follow the provided link. Each sample application repository includes a README.md file that you can use to learn how to set up your environment and run the application.

1

The code samples in this tutorial use the following variables to perform the Queryable Encryption workflow:

Important

Key Vault Collection Namespace Permissions

To complete this tutorial, the database user your application uses to connect to MongoDB must have dbAdmin permissions on the following namespaces:

  • encryption.__keyVault

  • medicalRecords database

2
1

You must create a Customer Master Key (CMK) to perform Queryable Encryption.

Create a 96-byte Customer Master Key and save it to your filesystem as the file customer-master-key.txt:

Warning

Do Not Use a Local Key File in Production

A local key file in your filesystem is insecure and is not recommended for production. Instead, you should store your Customer Master Keys in a remote Key Management System (KMS).

To learn how to use a remote KMS in your Queryable Encryption implementation, see the Tutorials guide.

Tip

Generate a CMK from the Command Line

Use the following command to generate a CMK from a Unix shell or PowerShell:

  • Unix shell:

    echo $(head -c 96 /dev/urandom | base64 | tr -d '\n')
  • PowerShell:

    $r=[byte[]]::new(64);$g=[System.Security.Cryptography.RandomNumberGenerator]::Create();$g.GetBytes($r);[Convert]::ToBase64String($r)

Save the output of the preceding command to a file named customer-master-key.txt.

2

Retrieve the contents of the Customer Master Key file that you generated in the Create a Customer Master Key step of this guide.

Pass the CMK value to your KMS provider settings. The client uses these settings to discover the CMK. Set the provider name to local to inform the driver you are using a Local Key Provider.

3

Note

Automatic Encryption Options

The automatic encryption options provide configuration information to the Automatic Encryption Shared Library, which modifies the application's behavior when accessing encrypted fields.

To learn more about the Automatic Encryption Shared Library, see the Automatic Encryption Shared Library page.

4

To create a client used to encrypt and decrypt data in your collection, instantiate a new MongoClient by using your connection URI and your automatic encryption options.

5

To encrypt a field, add it to the encryption schema. To enable queries on a field, add the "queries" property. Create the encryption schema as follows:

Note

In the previous code sample, both the "ssn" and "billing" fields are encrypted, but only the "ssn" field can be queried.

6

Instantiate ClientEncryption to access the API for the encryption helper methods.

Because you are using a local Customer Master Key, you don't need to provide Customer Master Key credentials. Create a variable containing an empty object to use in place of credentials when you create your encrypted collection.

3
4

The following code sample executes a find query on an encrypted field and prints the decrypted data:

The output of the preceding code sample should look similar to the following:

{
"_id": {
"$oid": "648b384a722cb9b8392df76a"
},
"name": "Jon Doe",
"record": {
"ssn": "987-65-4320",
"billing": {
"type": "Visa",
"number": "4111111111111111"
}
},
"__safeContent__": [
{
"$binary": {
"base64": "L1NsYItk0Sg+oL66DBj6IYHbX7tveANQyrU2cvMzD9Y=",
"subType": "00"
}
}
]
}

Warning

Do not Modify the __safeContent__ Field

The __safeContent__ field is essential to Queryable Encryption. Do not modify the contents of this field.

To view a tutorial on production-ready Queryable Encryption with a remote KMS, see Tutorials.

To learn how Queryable Encryption works, see Fundamentals.

To learn more about the topics mentioned in this guide, see the following links:

  • Learn more about Queryable Encryption components on the Reference page.

  • Learn how Customer Master Keys and Data Encryption Keys work on the Encryption Keys and Key Vaults page.

  • See how KMS Providers manage your Queryable Encryption keys on the KMS Providers page.

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