# $geoIntersects

On this page

## Definition

`$geoIntersects`

Selects documents whose geospatial data intersects with a specified GeoJSON object; i.e. where the intersection of the data and the specified object is non-empty.

The

`$geoIntersects`

operator uses the`$geometry`

operator to specify the GeoJSON object. To specify a GeoJSON polygons or multipolygons using the default coordinate reference system (CRS), use the following syntax:{ <location field>: { $geoIntersects: { $geometry: { type: "<GeoJSON object type>" , coordinates: [ <coordinates> ] } } } } For

`$geoIntersects`

queries that specify GeoJSON geometries with areas greater than a single hemisphere, the use of the default CRS results in queries for the complementary geometries.To specify a single-ringed GeoJSON polygon with a custom MongoDB CRS, use the following prototype that specifies the custom MongoDB CRS in the

`$geometry`

expression:{ <location field>: { $geoIntersects: { $geometry: { type: "Polygon" , coordinates: [ <coordinates> ], crs: { type: "name", properties: { name: "urn:x-mongodb:crs:strictwinding:EPSG:4326" } } } } } } The custom MongoDB CRS uses a counter-clockwise winding order and allows

`$geoIntersects`

to support queries with a single-ringed GeoJSON polygon whose area is greater than or equal to a single hemisphere. If the specified polygon is smaller than a single hemisphere, the behavior of`$geoIntersects`

with the MongoDB CRS is the same as with the default CRS. See also "Big" Polygons.## Important

If specifying latitude and longitude coordinates, list the

**longitude**first and then**latitude**:Valid longitude values are between

`-180`

and`180`

, both inclusive.Valid latitude values are between

`-90`

and`90`

, both inclusive.

## Behavior

### Geospatial Indexes

`$geoIntersects`

uses spherical geometry.
`$geoIntersects`

does not require a geospatial index. However, a
geospatial index will improve query performance. Only the
2dsphere geospatial index supports
`$geoIntersects`

.

### Degenerate Geometry

`$geoIntersects`

does not guarantee that it will consider a
polygon to intersect with its own edges; its own vertices; or another
polygon sharing vertices or edges but no interior space.

### "Big" Polygons

For `$geoIntersects`

, if you specify a single-ringed polygon that
has an area greater than a single hemisphere, include ```
the
custom MongoDB coordinate reference system in the $geometry
```

expression; otherwise, `$geoIntersects`

queries for
the complementary geometry. For all other GeoJSON polygons with areas
greater than a hemisphere, `$geoIntersects`

queries for the
complementary geometry.

## Examples

### Intersects a Polygon

The following example uses `$geoIntersects`

to select all
`loc`

data that intersect with the `Polygon`

defined by
the `coordinates`

array. The area of the polygon is less than the
area of a single hemisphere:

db.places.find( { loc: { $geoIntersects: { $geometry: { type: "Polygon" , coordinates: [ [ [ 0, 0 ], [ 3, 6 ], [ 6, 1 ], [ 0, 0 ] ] ] } } } } )

For single-ringed polygons with areas greater than a single hemisphere, see Intersects a "Big" Polygon.

### Intersects a "Big" Polygon

To query with a single-ringed GeoJSON polygon whose area is greater
than a single hemisphere, the `$geometry`

expression must
specify the custom MongoDB coordinate reference system. For example:

db.places.find( { loc: { $geoIntersects: { $geometry: { type : "Polygon", coordinates: [ [ [ -100, 60 ], [ -100, 0 ], [ -100, -60 ], [ 100, -60 ], [ 100, 60 ], [ -100, 60 ] ] ], crs: { type: "name", properties: { name: "urn:x-mongodb:crs:strictwinding:EPSG:4326" } } } } } } )