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mongosh Method

This is a mongosh method. This is not the documentation for Node.js or other programming language specific driver methods.

In most cases, mongosh methods work the same way as the legacy mongo shell methods. However, some legacy methods are unavailable in mongosh.

For the legacy mongo shell documentation, refer to the documentation for the corresponding MongoDB Server release:

For MongoDB API drivers, refer to the language specific MongoDB driver documentation.

Drops or removes the specified index from a collection. The db.collection.dropIndex() method provides a wrapper around the dropIndexes command.


The db.collection.dropIndex() method takes the following parameter:

string or document

Optional. Specifies the index to drop. You can specify the index either by the index name or by the index specification document.

To drop a text index, specify the index name.

Starting in MongoDB 4.2, you cannot specify "*" to drop all non-_id indexes. Use db.collection.dropIndexes() instead.

New in version 4.4: If an index specified to db.collection.dropIndex() is still building, db.collection.dropIndex() attempts to stop the in-progress build. Stopping an index build has the same effect as dropping the built index. Prior to MongoDB 4.4, db.collection.dropIndex() returned an error if the specified index was still building. See Stop In-Progress Index Builds for more complete documentation.

To get the index name or the index specification document for the db.collection.dropIndex() method, use the db.collection.getIndexes() method.

Starting in MongoDB 5.2, you can use db.collection.dropIndex() to drop existing indexes on the same collection even if there is a build in progress on another index. In earlier versions, attempting to drop a different index during an in-progress index build results in a BackgroundOperationInProgressForNamespace error.

Changed in version 4.2.

db.collection.dropIndex() obtains an exclusive lock on the specified collection for the duration of the operation. All subsequent operations on the collection must wait until db.collection.dropIndex() releases the lock.

Prior to MongoDB 4.2, db.collection.dropIndex() obtained an exclusive lock on the parent database, blocking all operations on the database and all its collections until the operation completed.

Starting in MongoDB 4.4, if an index specified to db.collection.dropIndex() is still building, db.collection.dropIndex() attempts to stop the in-progress build. Stopping an index build has the same effect as dropping the built index. In versions earlier than MongoDB 4.4, db.collection.dropIndex() returns an error if there are any index builds in progress on the collection.

For replica sets, run db.collection.dropIndex() on the primary. The primary stops the index build and creates an associated "abortIndexBuild" oplog entry. Secondaries which replicate the "abortIndexBuild" oplog entry stop the in-progress index build and discard the build job. See Index Build Process for detailed documentation on the index build process.

Use currentOp to identify the index builds associated with a createIndexes or db.collection.createIndexes() operation. See Active Indexing Operations for an example.

Starting in version 4.4, MongoDB adds the ability to hide or unhide indexes from the query planner. By hiding an index from the planner, users can evaluate the potential impact of dropping an index without actually dropping the index.

If after the evaluation, the user decides to drop the index, the user can drop the hidden index; i.e. you do not need to unhide it first to drop it.

If, however, the impact is negative, the user can unhide the index instead of having to recreate a dropped index. And because indexes are fully maintained while hidden, the indexes are immediately available for use once unhidden.

For more information on hidden indexes, see Hidden Indexes.

Consider a pets collection. Calling the db.collection.getIndexes() method on the pets collection returns the following indexes:

"v" : 2,
"key" : {
"_id" : 1
"name" : "_id_"
"v" : 2,
"key" : {
"cat" : -1
"name" : "catIdx"
"v" : 2,
"key" : {
"cat" : 1,
"dog" : -1
"name" : "cat_1_dog_-1"

The single field index on the field cat has the user-specified name of catIdx [1] and the index specification document of { "cat" : -1 }.

To drop the index catIdx, you can use either the index name:

db.pets.dropIndex( "catIdx" )

Or you can use the index specification document { "cat" : -1 }:

db.pets.dropIndex( { "cat" : -1 } )
[1] During index creation, if the user does not specify an index name, the system generates the name by concatenating the index key field and value with an underscore, e.g. cat_1.
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