The primary is the only member in the replica set that receives write operations. MongoDB applies write operations on the primary and then records the operations on the primary's oplog. Secondary members replicate this log and apply the operations to their data sets.
In the following three-member replica set, the primary accepts all write operations. Then the secondaries replicate the oplog to apply to their data sets.
All members of the replica set can accept read operations. However, by default, an application directs its read operations to the primary member. See Read Preference for details on changing the default read behavior.
In the following 3-member replica set, the primary becomes unavailable. This triggers an election which selects one of the remaining secondaries as the new primary.
||| In some circumstances, two nodes in a replica set
may transiently believe that they are the primary, but at most, one
of them will be able to complete writes with |